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Short Story Elements

Plot story line or chain of interrelated chronological events
Introduction when characters and problems are introduced
Rising action is set off by the introduction of conflict - as a character struggles with their conflict, more conflict results and the action rises
Conflict a force or person which interferes with a character's ability to reach a goal
External conflict involves a character struggling with another person, nature etc
Internal conflict involves a character struggling with their conscience, personal weakness etc
Climax the turning point in the story
Falling action follows the climax - contains events that bring the story to the conclusion
Resolution the end of the story, where all the problems are solved
Character any person, figure or animal that serve functions in a story
Protagonist main character
Antagonist the main opponent of the protagonist
Round character characters that are realistic and who have more than one trait
Secondary character recurring characters who are of lesser importance
Flat character characters that only exhibit one trait
Dynamic character characters that grow or change over the course of the story
Ways to reveal a character's traits and values: -description of character -actions of character -words of character -reactions of others
Setting time and place where the story occurs
Physical setting combination of the geographical location and the season/time of day/time period
Social setting society that exists in the story; the values and beliefs of the society in which the events happen
Atmosphere mood or emotion that a story arouses in a reader
Imagery descriptive language that can function as a way for the reader to better imagine the world of the story
Connotation meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing it describes explicitly
Theme underlying message that the story conveys - life lesson of the story
A good theme statement includes: -a complete sentence -states a lesson learned in the text -title and author of the text
Irony the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Point of view refers to the position from which the events of the story are presented to us
Symbol physical object or image that represents something else
Foreshadowing gives a hint about what is to come in a story
Flashback an event or scene that took place earlier in the story
Suspense a feeling of anxiety or apprehension resulting from an uncertain/mysterious situation
Created by: MatthewHadjis



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