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S.S. Vocabulary

Constitution of America Republic

Constitution 1787 document that sets out the laws and principles of government
Confederation an alliance of independent states
Articles of Confederation the first government used in the United States from 1781-1787 (weak)
Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia where state leaders met to revise the Articles of Confederation in May of 1787
Republic a government in which citizens rule themselves through elected official
Compromise a settlement in which each each side give up some of its demands to reach an agreement
Federalism division of governmental power amongst the state government and the national government
Economic Depression a period which business activity slows, price and wages fall and unemployment rise
Separation of powers a principle of government in which powers are divided among individual and separate branches
Executive Branch this group makes sure that all the laws are carried out and put into effect and includes the president and vice president
Legislative Branch this group makes the laws and includes the senate and house of representative
Judicial Branch this group make sure that all laws are fair and includes the supreme court
Checks and Balances system which each branch of the government can check and control the action of the other branches
Census a periodic governmental count of population help determine the number of representative from each state in the house of representatives
Electoral College group of electors from every state who meets every four years to vote for the president and vice president
Execute to carry out the laws
Bill a proposed law
Veto to reject
Due process idea that government must follow the same rules in all cases brought to trial
Impeach to bring formal changes of wrong doing against a government official ( the president)
Amend to change
Bill of Rights list of freedoms that a government promised to protect; the first 10 amendment to the constitution
Created by: 25wengjoli