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IB Chem B HL

QuestionAnswer
allosteric site area of an enzyme where non-competitive inhibitors bind
non-competitive inhibition When substances bind to an enzyme outside of the active site to inhibit its effectiveness
Competitive inhibition When a substance that is not the target substrate binds directly to the active site
Vmax the maximum rate of an enzyme under particular pH and temperature conditions
Michaelis constant Km is the substrate concentration at half of the Vmax
histones basic positively charged proteins which nucleic acids wrap around
Nucleotide a phosphate group, a pentose, and a base
triplets or codons three nucleotide sequences
Genetically modified organisms when the DNA of one species is inserted into the DNA of another species.
Biological pigments coloured compounds produced by metabolism.
Carotenes biological pigments that consist of long hydrocarbon chains containing many double bonds
Porphyrins biological pigments that consist of a complex of metal ions and a large cyclic ligand.
Anthocyanins biological pigments that are water soluble and concentrated in the vacuoles of plants producing bright colours
L-isomers the biological form of the optical isomers for amino acids
Created by: andrewweng0406