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Unit 3 Quiz Prep

What are the 3 layers that make up the English language? Anglo Saxon, Latin, and Greek
Hop + ing= hopping
Hope + ing= hoping
If a word ends in a vowel + Y, do you have to change anything before adding a suffix? (Ex- play +ed) No, just add the suffix. (played)
If a word ends in a consonant + Y, do you have to change anything when adding a suffix? (empty +ed) Yes, change the Y to an I before adding the suffix. (emptied) **Exception--if the suffix begins with an I you don't have to change anything. (fry + ing = frying)
fry + ed= fried
fly+ing= flying
fly+ ed= flied
What is the doubling rule? When a base word ends in a SINGLE CONSONANT that comes after a SINGLE VOWEL, double the final consonant if the suffix begins with a vowel.
sad +er= sadder
drop+ing= dropping
boil+ing= boiling
chant+ed= chanted
ship +ment= shipment
glad+ly= gladly
red+er= redder
What is the silent E rule? If a word ends in a silent E, drop the E if the suffix begins with a vowel. (drive+ing=driving) *Sometimes you keep the E to keep a soft G or C. (change +able=changeable)
Where do prefixes occur in words? at the beginning
Where do suffixes occur in words? at the end
What is the prefix in the word UNLIKE? UN
What is the prefix in the word MISUNDERSTAND? MIS
Latin roots usually contain what? The stressed syllable
Dict, vent, struct, ped, form, duct, flex, port, gress, lect, and flect are just some examples of ____________. Latin Roots
Tele, kilo, graph, auto, psych, sphere, gon, poly, ology, bio, and scope are just some examples of ____________________. Greek Combining forms
How do you divide the word PHONOGRAPH into syllables? Pho/no/graph
How do you divide the word PHYSICAL into syllables? Phys/i/cal
How do you divide the word ORTHODONTIST into syllables? Or/tho/don/tist
Created by: campbelj
Popular English Vocabulary sets




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