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World Drama 3

TermDefinition
Archetype a typical character, an action, or a situation that seems to represent universal patterns of human nature (universal symbol)
Myth serves as a fundamental type or principle in the worldview of a people, delineates the psychology, customs, ideals of a society
Essentialism a platonic idea of “essence”. The concept that there is an essential property or essence that is true of everything and exists before that thing
Nihilism philosophical position suggesting that existence is without objective meaning
Metatheatre a term describing aspects of the play that draw attention to its nature as drama or theatre
Dialectical theatre epic theatre- brecht changed name
Ontology branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of Being (becoming, existence, reality)
Modernism umbrella term for the artistic forms that come after dramatic drift
Estrangement effect the goal is to make the audience always aware that they are watching an enactment of life, not real life itself
Existentialism a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of personal experience, responsibility, and the demands they make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe
Scrim piece of gauze cloth that appears opaque when lights hit it from the front, transparent when light comes behind
Diachronic time time as it passes from minute to minute in a linear way
Dialectic talking, dialogue
Theatre of the absurd rejects realism, emphasis on the absurd nature of the world
Epic Theatre emphasizes the political nature of theatre/art; popularized by Brecht
Synchronic time time comprised of bits of past/present/future; operates vertically, all moments merging
Liminal use of space
Gestus mode of acting, physical gestures as embodiment AND social status
Didactic criticism of social, political, economic, moral injustices of the contemporary world
Absurdity the search for answers and meaning in an inherently answerless and meaningless world. Human existence is meaningless because human acts have no external (objective) justification
Tragicomedy subject of despair (in the face of an uncomprehending and incomprehensible world) and the will to survive in spite of that despair, coupled with “black comedy”
Fourth wall onstage = existentially different from “being” in audience
Episodic containing or consisting of a series of loosely connected parts or events.
Expressionism a style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world
Being-in-itself non-conscious choice, non action, refusal to take responsibility for one’s actions
Being-for-itself conscious choice, action, human’s have a responsibility to exercise freedom, to act, to create essence
Bad faith a lie to oneself, trying to escape the terrifying freedom by relinquishing personal agency to outside forces / agents (ideals, authority figures, etc.)
Marxism the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism
Created by: 1268511196664965