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OC Final

Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown (Diamond shaped molecule) 1,2-dimethylcyclobutane
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? (CH3)3-C-CH2-CH2-CH3 2,2-dimethylpentane
The functional group illustrated by R-O-R' is an? ether
Which compound is the MOST soluble in water? CH3CH2CH2OH
Using systematic names,the structure shown could be called? (only para-benzene on test) para-dimethylbenzene
The relatively high boiling point of alcohols in relation to their molecular weights is the result of? hydrogen bonding
Ethylene and acetylene are the common names for the molecules ___ and ___. C2H4 and C2H2
How many hydrogen atoms are contained in the molecule of cyclopentene? 8
When the aromatic ring is named named as a side chain of functional group, it is referred to as the __ group. phenyl
Chemical reactions involving double bonds are generally referred to as___ reactions. addition
Which compound is a tertiary alcohol? 2-methyl-2-hexanol
Compounds with an oxygen atom bonded to two inorganic groups are known as? ethers
The carbon skeleton of an alkane is shown, How many hydrogen atoms are bonded to the carbon marked with *? 3
WHich choice represents the carbon skeleton of 2,4- octadiene? C-C=C-C=C-C-C-C
Treatment of CH3CH2CH2OH with a limited amount of oxidizing agent will produce? an aldehyde
Which family of organic molecules is a hydrocarbon? aromatic
The common name of CH2(OH)CH2OH is? ethylene glycol (antifreeze)
When phenol acts as an acid, a ___ ion is produced. phenoxide
The alcohol which contains two carbon atoms and has the common name grain alcohol is? ethanol
All of the following are common reactions of benzene EXCEPT? hydrogenation
Which group is the best description of the properties of alkanes? flammable, non-reactive, insoluble in water
A substitution reaction can be best described as a reaction in which? two reactants exchange atoms to give two new products
Which atom is MOST likely to form a polar covalent bond with carbon? O
All of the following are general properties of alkenes EXCEPT? less reactive than the corresponding alkanes
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3-CH2-CH(branch SH)-CH3 2-butanethiol
Alkanes are ___ in water and ___ than water. insoluble, less dense
All of the following statements are general properties of organic compounds EXCEPT? the usually behave as electrolytes in solution
What is the systematic name of the following compound? (only question asking about systematic name) 2-methoxy propane
What is the name of the following compound? (has a phenol group attached with and OH) m-ethylphenol
In organic chemistry, the term unsaturated means a molecule that ___? that contains one or more multiple bonds between carbon atoms
When and alkene undergoes a hydration reaction the product is? alcohol
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3-CH2-CH(branch CHCH3)-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH 1,2,4-butanetriol
When an alkane reacts with an element from group 7A, the reaction is referred to as? halogenation
When a thiol is oxidized the product is? a disulfide
Organic compounds which are sulfur analogs of alcohols are referred to as? thiols
Compounds with the -OH group attached to a saturated alkane- like carbon are known as? alcohols
When 2-butene reacts completely with bromine, the product is? 2,3-dibromobutane
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3-CH2-CH(branch CH2CH3)-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH 4-ethyl-1-hexanol
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3-CH2-N(branch H)-CH3 N-methylethylamine
The reaction of the pyridinium ion with water is best represented as? C5H5NH+ <---> C5H5N + H3O+
What is the correct IUPAC name of the compound shown (benzene with NH2 and CH3 branched) 2-methyl aniline
What is the correct IUPAC name for the following compound? (benzene with NH-CH2CH3 attached) N-ethyl analine
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3CH2COOOCH3 methyl propanoate
What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? CH3-CH(branch CH3)-CH2-CONH2 3- methyl butanamide
The substance that precipitates in a positive Benedict test is ___. Cu2O
The pleasant, characteristic odor of fruit flavorings is often associated with the presence of? esters
If methylamine reacts with with hydrochloric acid, the major product will be? methylammonium chloride
The reverse reaction of acetal formation is? hydrolysis
An amine that is insoluble in water can be made to dissolve by adding it to an aqueous solution of? HCL
The solubility of compounds containing the carboxylic acid group can be increased by reaction with? sodium hydroxide
When common names are used for acids, the underlined carbon atom in the molecule shown would be designated as the ___ C atom? beta
All of the following are nitrogen containing compounds found in living organisms EXCEPT? carbohydrates
When an amine behaves as a base it __ a hydrogen ion to form a (an) ___ ion. gains; ammonium
Which pair of compounds can react to form a hemiacetal? CH3CH2CHO and CH3CH2OH
An alkaloid is best described as any? basic compound obtained from a plant
What is the most important chemical property on amines? they are weak bases
What is the product of reduction of 2-butanone? butanoic acid
Reduction of an aldehyde produces a __. primary alcohol
Which of these compounds is the most soluble in water? CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2COO-Na+
What are the products of this reaction? CH3CH2-C(double bond O)-NHCH2CH3 + NaOH ---> CH3CH2-C-ONa+ (+) CH3CH2-CH3+ Cl-
The functional groups in the aspirin molecule shown are? aromatic, carboxylic acid, ester
The correct name for CH3CH(CH3)CH2CHO is? 3-methylbutanal
What is the product of oxidation of butanal? butanoic acid
What is the element that causes oxidation in the Tollens' test for aldehydes? silver
Hydrolysis of an acetal will produce? one aldehyde of ketone + two alcohols
All of the following can be classified as biomolecules EXCEPT? All of the above are biomolecules
Members of which class of biomolecules are the building blocks of proteins? amino acids
The peptide bond joining amino acids into proteins is a specific example of the ___ bond? amide
Amino acids found in proteins all have the following features: all are a-amino acids.
Which of these amino acids has a thiol group as part of its side chain? cryseine
Proteins that consist of two or more chains assembled into large 3-dimensional structure are said to display? Quaternary structure
Which type of interaction is not directly involved in maintaining tertiary structure? peptide bonds
The beta-pleated sheet is an example of? secondary structure
The type of bond that is most important in maintaining secondary structure of a protein is? hydrogen bonding within the backbone
Hydrophilic refers to R groups with form hydrogen bonds with water because of their polarity
Globular protein A protein that is usually water soluble, having a hydrophilic exterior and a hydrophobic interior, and an overall rounded shape.
fibrous protien A protein that is usually insoluble in water, is very tough, and has a long shape.
Conjugated protein A protein that produces amino acids and other biomolecules or inorganic substances upon hydrolysis
Hydrophobic Refers to R groups that do not interact readily with water because they are non-polar
A carbohydrate can be defined as a molecule that? that is an aldehyde or ketone and that has more than one hydroxyl group
Classify the molecule shown according to the location of its carbonyl group and the number of carbon atoms. aldopentose
How many chiral carbons are contained in a molecule of ribose? 3
a-D-glucose and b-D glucose are? anomers
When a monosaccharide forms a ring by interaction of one of its hydroxyl groups with its aldehyde group, the bond is referred to as a(an) ___ linkage. hemiacetal
Which of the following monosaccharides is present in nucleic acids? ribose
Which of the following polysaccharides is used to inhibit blood clotting? heparin
Which molecule is a reducing sugar? maltose
Starch is produced by ___, and its major function is ___. plants, energy storage
Galactose a monosaccharide which is a component of milk sugar
Fructose a monosaccharide that is sweeter than sucrose and found in honey and fruits
Glucose A monosaccharide that functions as the transport from carbohydrates in blood
Sucrose a disaccharide composed of one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose
Maltose a disaccharide composed of two molecules of glucose
The biochemical roles of lipids are? storage of excess energy, component of cell membranes, and chemical messengers.
The molecule shown can be classified as a(an) (Huge molecule with middle row:) HC-O0C0(CH2)7-CH=CH-(CH2)7-CH3 Glycerophospholipid
Eicosanoids function as? local hormones
The basic structure of cell membranes consist of phospholipid bilayers studded with proteins
All of the following are components of a cell membrane EXCEPT? liposomes
The difference is chemical structure between cerebrosides and gangliosides are? contain more complex carbohydrates than cerebrosides
Phospholipids differ from fats and oils by having? one of the fatty acid ester linkages replaced by a phosphate ester linkage
Lecithin is commonly used as a(an)? emulsifying agent
The molecule shown can be classified as a(an)? (huge molecule middle row looks like: HC-NH-C-(CH2)16-CH3 Sphingolipid
Which reaction can be used to convert oils into fats? hydrogenation
Simple diffusion a process of transport in which substances cross a membrane based on concentration differences without the expenditure of energy
Unsaturated Describes fatty acids that have mostly single but at least one double carbon-carbon bond
Active transport A process of transport that cost energy because the flow is against the concentration gradient
Saturated describes fatty acids that do not have any carbon-carbon double bonds
Facilitated diffusion A process of transport in which integral proteins change shape to allow a substance to cross a cell membrane
(T-F) Fats are generally composed of a large number of monosaccharides chemically combined is polysaccharide. True
(T-F) Lauric acid is a saturated fatty acid True
(T-F) Serum albumin is an example of a transporter protein True
(T-F) Protein denaturation results in a disruption of the secondary and tertiary structure. False
Created by: monique_aa