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1.03

Energy and Temperature

TermDefinition
chemical energy the potential energy stored in the chemical bonds of atoms and molecules
electrical energy the movement of electrical charge
energy the ability to cause change or the ability to do work; measured in Joules
gravitational energy the potential energy of position
heat the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another due to the temperature difference between the two substances
Joule the SI derived unit used to measure energy or work
Kinetic energy the energy of an object in motion
Law of conservation of energy energy can be converted from one form to another, but it is not created or destroyed in ordinary physical and chemical processes
mechanical energy the movement of objects from one place to another
nuclear energy energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
Potential energy the energy an object has because of its position or composition
radiant energy electromagnetic energy that travels in waves
sound the movement of energy through substances in longitudinal waves
electric potential energy the stored energy of electric charges due to their position and interaction around other charges
temperature a measure of the average kinetic energy, caused by the vibration and movement of atoms and molecules, of a substance
thermal energy the internal energy in a substance caused by vibration of atoms and molecules
work the process of causing matter to move against an opposing force
Created by: dealel
 

 



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