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LGS In the Kitchen

LGS Vocabulary 2019 2020

a spoon of (sugar) (phrase) the content of an implement consisting of a small, shallow oval or round bowl on a long handle, used for eating, stirring, and serving food. Exp: A: What are the ingredients?B: Two kiwi fruit, two bananas, seven strawberries,and a spoon of sugar.
a bunch of (parsley) (phrase) a group Exp: Chop a half bunch of parsley.
a handful of (salt) the amount or number that can be held in the hand Exp:
a pinch of (sugar) an amount of an ingredient that can be held between thumb and fingers Exp: Sprinkle a pinch of sugar.
(to) bake (v) to cook by dry heat without direct Exposure to a flame Exp: After that, bake the muffins for about 45-50 minutes.
baking powder (n) mixture of sodium bicarbonate and cream of tartar, used instead of yeast in baking Exp: First, put the eggs, sugar, baking powder and oil into a bowl and mix them.
baking tray (n) a metal sheet on which food may be cooked in an oven Exp: After that, place the meatballs on a baking tray and bake them 20 minutes in the oven.
basil (n) it is a strong-smelling and strong-tasting herb that is used in cooking
bell pepper (n) another term for sweet pepper; a hollow red, green or yellow pepper Exp: A: How many bell peppers are there?B: 10.
(to) belong to (v) to be the possession (of) Exp: Which country does pasta belong to?
(beef) broth(n) soup consisting of meat or vegetables cooked in stock Exp: Combine cornstarch and beef broth and mix them.
bitter (adj) With a sharp taste as the peel of an orange or coffee dregs Exp: I like eating bitter chocolate. It is more delicious than the milky one.
blender (n) it is a piece of equipment in which immiscible liquids are mixed Exp: When it boils, whisk the mixture with a blender.
Bon appétit / Good appetite (exclamation) (French) enjoy your meal / (English) enjoy your meal Exp: Serve the meatballs hot. Bon appétit! / Good appetite!
breadcrumbs (n) they are tiny pieces of dry bread which are used in cooking Exp: Crack the egg into it, then add the mince, breadcrumbs, black pepper and cummin.
butter (n) It is a soft yellow substance made from cream that you spread on bread or use in cooking Exp: Do we have to use butter for your recipe? What about oil?
(to) boil (v) to reach the temperature at which it bubbles and turns to vapour Exp: Stir constantly until the mixture boils.
cake pan (n) cake tin Exp: Spread some oil into the cake pan and pour the mixture into it.
(to) chop (v) to cut it into pieces with strong movements of a knife Exp: Chop a bunch of cilantro and add it onto the mixture.
cinnamon (n) it is a sweet spice used for flavouring food Exp: After that, sprinkle two teaspoons of cinnamon and half a glass of crushed walnut to the mixture.
clue (n) a problem or mystery is something that helps you to find the answer to it. Exp: A tip means a clue or a tactic. It helps you to find something or somebody such as a footprint or fingerprint.
continuously (adv) repeatedly without reversals Exp: Stir the soup continuously. Don’t leave it on fire.
cook (n) a person who prepares food, especially as a job Exp: Yesterday I read an article named “How to be a Good Cook” because I want to be a famous cook in the future.
(to) combine (v) to merge the pieces in order to form a single unit Exp: Combine cornstarch and beef broth and mix them.
constantly (adv) continuously over a period of time Exp: Stir constantly until the mixture boils.
(to) cover (v) (with) to put something on top of or in front of (something) in order to protect it Exp: First, cover a bamboo mat with plastic wrap and put a sheet of dried seaweed on top of the mat.
(to) crack (v) to break Exp: Crack the eggs into a bowl.
(to) crush(v) to press something very hard so that it is broken Exp: Crush some biscuits in a mixing bowl.
cuisine (n) a method of cooking, especially as characteristic of a particular country or region Exp: I prefer American cuisine. Steak is my favorite meal.
definition (n) a statement of the exact meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary Exp: Match the words with the correct definitions.
description (n) something that tells you what something or someone is like Exp: I can understand and Express descriptions of a process.
(to) dice (v) to cut (food or other matter) into small cubes Exp: Next, dice mango, add the mango pieces into the mixture and stir the mixture.
(to) dissolve (v) to become incorporated into a liquid Exp: Heat the mixture and stir constantly until the sugar dissolves.
dish (n) a particular variety or preparation of food served as part of a meal Exp: Sushi is a traditional dish in Japan.
(to) display (v) to show Exp: Display your recipe to your classmates.
dough (n) a thick, soft mixture of flour and liquid, used for baking into bread or pastry Exp: A: What should we do after we add the dough?B: We should knead it.
(to) drain (v) to cause the water or other liquid in (something) to run out Exp: Drain the pasta with a strainer.
dried (adj) not wet Exp: Put sushi rice on the dried seaweed.
(to) drop (v) to let or make (something) fall vertically Exp: Sprinkle means to drop a few pieces of something over a surface.
effectively (adv) in such a manner as to achieve a desired result Exp: You made your speech effectively.
experience (n) knowledge or skill from doing, seeing or feeling things Exp: How was your last cooking class? Can you please share your Experiences about it?
(to) exchange (v) to give something and receive something of the same kind in return Exp: You can exchange your recipe with your partner.
(to) evaluate (v) to form an idea of the amount, number, or value of Exp: Don’t forget to evaluate your partner’s recipe. Share your ideas with him/her.
extract (n) a substance taken from a plant, flower etc. and used especially in food or medicine Exp: Mix up two cups of cream, 1 cup of milk, 2/3 sugar and 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract in a saucepan.
(to be) famous for (adj) known about by a lot of people Exp: Asian cuisine is famous for spicy food.
fatty (adj) containing a large amount of fat Exp: I like my salad a bit fatty. Could you please add some olive oil?
field (n) a place where a subject of a scientific study can be observed in its natural location or context Exp: Gastronomy & Culinary Arts is a field related to cooking and serving
firmly (adv) in a way that uses steady power Exp: Spread sushi rice on top of the seaweed and press firmly.
flat (adj) having a level surface; without raised areas Exp: Put the slices on a flat surface.
flour (n) a powder obtained by grinding grain, typically wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry Exp: Put some butter and flour in a saucepan and cook it for only 2 minutes.
flavor (n) the distinctive taste of a food or drink Exp: Add your favorite flavor like sliced strawberry or cherry into your ice cream.
forward (adv) towards the front Exp: Roll the plastic wrap forward.
(to be) fond of (phrase) having an affection Exp: My father likes cooking. He is fond of being in the kitchen.
fork (n) an implement with two or more prongs used for lifting food to the mouth Exp: Could you please put the spoons and forks on the table?
freezer (n) A refrigerated cabinet for preserving food at very low temperatures Exp: Put your ice cream into the freezer for about three hours and then enjoy your ice cream.
fry (v) to cook in hot fat or oil Exp: Don’t forget to fry the potatoes.
garlic (n) the central Asian plant, closely related to the onion Exp: Pour sesame oil into the pan and heat it until it is hot. Add garlic, fresh ginger and red pepper.
Gastronomy & Culinary Arts (n) the field related to cooking and serving Exp: When he was a little boy, he was fond of being in the kitchen. He graduated from the Department of Gastronomy & Culinary Arts.
gently (adv) with a mild and kind manner Exp: If you refuse it, state your excuse gently, and then invite him/her for another activity at a later time.
(to) go well with (v) To suit each other or they look or taste good together Exp: Especially cakes, chocolates and cookies go well with a cup of coffee.
(to) graduate from (v) to complete an academic degree successfully Exp: He graduated from the Department of Gastronomy & Culinary Arts.
grater (n) a device having a surface covered with holes edged by slightly raised cutting edges Exp: I forgot to buy a grater so how can I grate the carrots?
(to) grate (v) to reduce (food) to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater Exp: First, grate the onion and the garlic into a bowl.
greasy (adj) Covered with or produced by grease or oil. Exp: I don’t like eating greasy food.
(to) grill (v) to cook food over fire and hot coals, usually on a metal frame Exp: A: Did you grill the chicken? B: Of course. I like grilled chicken, you know.
(to) guess (v) to estimate (something) without sufficient information to be sure of being correct Exp: I guess I will go to the kitchen to cook a delicious meal.
hashtag (n) a word or phrase preceded by a hash sign Exp: If you try this, I will wait for your photos with my hashtag
(to) heat (v) to make hot or warm Exp: Heat two tablespoons of oil and a tablespoon of flour in a large pot for 2 minutes.
herb (n) any plant with leaves, seeds, or flowers used for flavouring, food, medicine, or perfume Exp: Leave the meat in the mixture of oil, vinegar, herbs and spices
homemade (adj) made at home, rather than in a shop or factory Exp: Now, I will descrine how to make a homemade ice cream.
(to) improve (v) to make better Exp: I want to improve my cooking ability.
ingredient (n) any of the foods or substances that are combined to make a particular dish Exp: You should write the ingredients of the dish. For example, do you need any meat or tomato sauce?
kitchen tool (n) a device, especially one held in the hand, used to carry out a particular function in the kitchen Exp: Which kitchen tool do you prefer to stir? A spoon or a fork?
(to) knead (v) to work into dough or paste with the hands Exp: Knead the mixture well until you get soft dough.
knife (n) an instrument used for cutting Exp: I need a sharp knife to cut the watermelon.
lengthwise (adv) In the direction of the longest side Exp: Place avocado and fish lengthwise on the seaweed.
lentil (n) a high-protein pulse which is dried and then soaked and cooked prior to eating Exp: I’d like lentil soup first.
linker (n) a thing which links other things Exp: Please, write a process by using linkers such as first, second or then.
(to) marinate (v) to leave the meat in the mixture of oil, vinegar, herbs and spices Exp: He takes part in each step of preparing, cooking and serving the meal. He marinates, cooks and finally serves meals to his guests.
(to) mash (v) to reduce (a food or other substance) to a pulpy mass by crushing it. Exp: Do we mash or slice the potato fort his recipe?
mat (n) a piece of thick or resilient material Exp: First, cover a bamboo mat with plastic wrap and put a sheet of dried seaweed on top of the mat.
meal (n) any of the regular occasions in a day when a reasonably large amount of food is eaten Exp: You should have a delicious meal along the shores of Meriç.
milky (adj) containing a large amount of milk Exp: Do you like eating milky food such as pudding?
mince (n) meat, usually beef, that has been cut up into very small pieces, often using a special machine Exp: Knead the mixture about 5 minutes and roll the mince mixture into balls.
(to) mix (v) to put together in order to form one substance Exp: Put the eggs, sugar, baking powder and oil into a bowl and mix them.
mixture (n) a substance made by mixing other substances together Exp: Dice mango, add the mango pieces into the mixture.
(to be) in the mood (v) feeling (or not feeling) like doing Exp: This is the food you are in the mood for now.
necessary (adj) essential Exp: It’s necessary to bring something to eat and drink.
(to) observe (v) to watch carefully the way something happens Exp: If you want to learn something about plants, you should observe the nature.
oil (n) any of various viscous liquids which are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents and are obtained from animals or plants Exp: Put the eggs, sugar, baking powder and oil into a bowl
oven (n) an enclosed compartment, usually part of a cooker, for cooking and heating food Exp: Bake the mixture at 180 ºC in preheated oven about fifteen minutes.
pan (n) a metal container used for cooking food in Exp: Spread some oil into the cake pan and pour the mixture into it.
particular (adj) an individual member of a specified group or class Exp: This was a discussion of a particular subject not a general one.
parsley stem (n) the main body of a parsley Exp: Put a spoon of mixture on each cucumber slice. Tie in a place with fresh parsley stems.
(to) peel (v) to remove the outer covering from Exp: Peel the bananas and kiwi fruit.
peer (n) a person of the same age, status, or ability as another person Exp: Make the necessary changes according to Peer Assessment Checklist.
plate (n) a flat dish which food is eaten or served Exp: You are very clumsy. You broke a plate again.
pot (n) a rounded container, typically of metal, used for cooking Exp: Boil some water in a large pot.
powdered sugar (n) icing sugar Exp: Put some powdered sugar into the mixture.
(to) pour (v) to flow rapidly in a steady stream Exp: Pour sesame oil into the pan and heat it until it is hot.
practical (adj) (of an idea, plan, or method) likely to be effective in real circumstances Exp: A workshop is a practical work on a particular subject.
preparation (n) the action or process of preparing for use Exp: At the end of his preparation, he seasons the meals.
(to) press (v) to move into a position of contact with something by exerting continuous physical for Exp: Spread sushi rice on top of the seaweed and press firmly.
process (n) a series of actions taken in order to achieve a particular end Exp: Describe the process of an omelette.
(to) provide (v) to make available for use Exp: Prepare a poster about your favorite meal and provide the preparation process.
provided (adj) being available for use Exp: Read the text and write the correct type of the users in the blanks provided.
punctuation (n) the marks, such as full stop, comma, and brackets, Exp: In 198O Professor Scott E. Fahlman suggested to use punctuation for ironic statements.
raw (adj) not cooked Exp: Two of the ingredients for sushi are raw fish and avocado.
recipe (n) a set of instructions for preparing a particular dish, including a list of the ingredients Exp: Could you please give me your favourite recipe?
(to) record (v) to convert (sound or a performance) into a permanent form for subsequent reproduction Exp: You may also record the steps while you prepare the recipe.
refrigerator (n) an compartment which is artificially kept cool and used to store food and drink Exp: Pour the mixture into a bowl, cover it and place it in the refrigerator for two hours.
(to be) related to (adj) belonging to the same family, group, or type Exp: The words are related to cooking.
(to) remove (v) to take (something) away or off from the position occupied Exp: Press the plastic wrap firmly with your hands and remove the rolled sushi.
rest of (phrase) the remaining part of something Exp: Listen to the rest of the conversation and answer the questions
rice (n) a swamp grass which is widely cultivated as a source of food Exp: Put sushi rice on the dried seaweed.
(to) rinse (v) to wash (something) with water Exp: First, rinse and cut strawberries and mash them in a bowl.
(to) roast (v) to cook by prolonged Exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire Exp: I usually roast chicken.
(to) roll (v) to move in a particular direction by turning over and over on an axis Exp: You can put it with an ice-cream spoon or roll it.
saucepan (n) a deep, round pan with straight sides, usually with a handle Exp: Put some butter and flour in a saucepan and cook it for only 2 minutes.
salty (adj) preserved with salt Exp: These crackers are too salty.
(to) scan (v) to look at all parts of (something) carefully Exp: Scan the text and find the words related to cooking.
(to) search (v) to try to find something by looking carefully Exp: Search for different dishes, desserts or drinks on the Internet.
(to) season (v) to add salt or pepper Exp: To season means to to add salt or pepper to food
seaweed (n) a plant that grows in the sea Exp: First, cover a bamboo mat with plastic wrap and put a sheet of dried seaweed on top of the mat.
(to) serve (v) to present (food or drink) to someone Exp: Turn the cake upside down after 10 minutes, slice it and serve warm.
(to) shape (v) to give a particular form to something Exp: How can you shape the cookies?
sheet (n) a greasy piece of paper used in cooking Exp: First, cover a bamboo mat with plastic wrap and put a sheet of dried seaweed on top of the mat.
(to) slice (v) to cut something into thin, flat pieces Exp: Do we mash or slice the potato?
sour (adj) having an acid taste like lemon or vinegar Exp: If you bake it with blueberries, it is a little bit sour but it is worth trying.
spelling (n) the process of writing the letters of a word Exp: My father is a successful speaker. He uses spelling and punctuation effectively.
spicy (adj) flavoured with spice Exp: I am crazy about spicy food like Adana kebab.
(to) spread (v) to cover (a surface) with a substance in an even layer Exp: Spread some oil into the cake pan and pour the mixture into it.
(to) sprinkle (v) to pour (small drops or particles of a substance) over an object or surface. Exp: Sprinkle salt over the sushi rice.
(to) squeeze (v) to press firmly (something soft or yielding) Exp: Squeeze half of a lemon.
(to) steam (v) to cook by heating it in steam from boiling water Exp: Don’t forget to steam the vegetables. It is healthier than frying.
step (n) an action in a process Exp: He takes part in each step of preparing, cooking and serving the meal.
(to) stir (v) to move a spoon round in in order to mix it Exp: Put the beef in a large pan and stir it for a couple of minutes.
strainer (n) drainer Exp: Drain the rice with a strainer.
strip (n) a long, narrow piece Exp: You need 3 peppers of various colors, sliced into strips.
surface (n) the outside part of something Exp: “Sprinkle” means to drop a few pieces of something over a surface.
sweet (adj) having the pleasant taste characteristic of sugar or honey Exp: Ali is crazy about sweet food like apple pie.
sweet tooth (n) a great liking for sweet-tasting foods Exp: Most of the people have a sweet tooth. Especially cakes, chocolates and cookies go well with a cup of coffee.
tablespoon-tbs (n) the amount held by a tablespoon Exp: If you want to make this recipe, you need ½ tablespoon vegetable oil
tactic (n) tip, clue Exp: You can use different tactics to finish the test on time.
(to) taste (v) to put food or drink in your mouth to find out what flavour it has Exp: He’s so famous that people come to taste hismeals from various cities.
Tex-Mex dish (n) Tex-Mex (from Texan and Mexican) is a fusion of Mexican and American cuisines Exp: Have you ever tried Tex-Mex dish before? I really suggest it because it is really tasty.
(to) tie (v) to fasten or round something by means of its strings Exp: Tie in a place with fresh parsley stems. Serve cold.
tip (n) a practical advice, a clue or tactic Exp: I can give you some helpful tips for effective presentations.
tongue twister (n) a sequence of words or sounds that are difficult to pronounce quickly and correctly Exp: Say the tongue twister about a “Good Cook” below as fast as you can.
(to) toss (v) to mix; to move from side to side or back and forth Exp: Toss with hot cooked pasta and add sliced green onions.
(to) turn sth upside down (v) to turn with the upper part where the lower part should be Exp: Turn the cake upside down after 10 minutes, slice it and serve warm. Enjoy your cake.
unhealthy (adj) harmful to health Exp: I don’t like eating unhealthy food because it isn’t good for my health.
(to) unscramble (v) to restore (something that has been scrambled) to a readable state Exp: Unscramble the questions below and write them in the correct place to make a conversation.
variety (n) the quality of being different Exp: There is a big variety of cuisine in Turkey.
various (adj) different from one another Exp: My father’s so famous that people come to taste his meals from various cities.
vegetable peeler (n) a knife or device for removing the skin from fruit and vegetables Exp: Slice the cucumbers long ways with a vegetable peeler.
vinegar (n) a sour-tasting liquid containing acetic acid Exp: Don’t forget to put some vinegar in the salad.
well-known (adj) widely or generally known Exp: Alp is a well-known Turkish chef all around the world.
(to) whisk (v) to beat or stir (a substance, especially cream or eggs) with a light, rapid movement Exp: Add a glass of water into the mixture and whisk well.
(to be) worth (adj) sufficiently good Exp: If you bake it with blueberries, it is a little bit sour but it is worth trying.
workshop (n) a practical work on a practical subject Exp: Workshops are practical works on particular subjects.
(plastic) wrap (n) a type of thin, transparent and plastic material to cover food Exp: First, cover a bamboo mat with plastic wrap and put a sheet of dried seaweed on top of the mat.
Created by: DerinAlioglu



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