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Unit 4 Bonding

Bonding Vocabulary

TermDefinition
adhesion the tendency of molecules to stick to substances that are dissimilar
anion a negatively charged ion
cation a positively charged ion
chemical bond an electrical interaction between the positively charged nuclei and the negatively charged electrons of atoms that forms when the force of attraction is stronger than the force of repulsion
cohesion the action or property of like molecules sticking together, being mutually attractive
covalent bond a bond in which pairs of electrons are shared between atoms, instead of being transferred from one atom to another
double covalent bond a bond in which atoms share two pairs of electrons
electronegativity the ability of an atom to attract additional electrons
electrostatic force a force in which oppositely charged particles are attracted to each other, while like charges repel each other
intermolecular forces the attractive forces acting between molecules
intramolecular bond a bond that is occuring within a molecule
ion an atom with a positive or negative charge
ionic bond a bond that occurs between atoms, through the transfer of electrons, when a positively charged atom and negatively charged atom are attracted to one another
molecule a group of atoms that have chemically bonded and behave as an individual unit
nonpolar covalent bond a bond that forms between atoms in which their electrons are shared equally
octet rule when an ion or an atom has eight valence electrons, it is at its most stable electron configuration
polar covalent bond a bond in which electrons are shared unequally between atoms
single covalent bond a bond in which atoms share only one pair of electrons
triple covalent bond A bond in which atoms share three pairs of electrons
valence electrons the electrons found in the outermost electron shell of an atom
Created by: LizardMogg