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Unit 2 study guide

For the civics and economics test

bicameral Having two branches or chambers.
Constitution Fundamental principles according to which a state is acknowledged to be governed.
Confederation An organization which consists of a number of parties or groups united in an alliance.
Ratify Sign or give formal consent
Federalism Federal principle or system of government.
Amendment A minor changes designed to improve a text.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation To weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power.
Details about the Constitutional Convention of 1787 Took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Differences between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans, and how they were resolved by the Great Compromise The lower house would be elected by the people, and the upper house would be elected by the lower house, the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan proposed a unicameral legislature with one vote per state.
The Three-Fifths Compromise In agreement to count three-fifths of the slaves in Presidential electors, and direct taxes.
The Slave Trade Compromise Stating that Congress could not prohibit the slave trade until 1808, but imported slaves could be taxed.
The Electoral College system Consists of 538 electors, a majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President.
Differences between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists Federalist were for a system of strong federal courts while Anti-federalists were for limits on the federal courts.
The Preamble of the Constitution The preamble of the constitution is the first statement of the constitution it is there to explain why our government a republic.
The necessary and proper clause “elastic clause,” states that Congress has the power, to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper.
he major principles of government (know what they are): popular sovereignty, rule of law/limited government (same thing), separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism The 3 branches are legislative, executive, and judicial compete with each other through certain powers that allow them to check the others and balance the government.
Differences between expressed, reserved, and concurrent powers A reserved power is a power reserved to the states. A concurrent power is power that is given to both the states and the government. Concurrent powers are making and enforcing the laws, education, and public safety.
The supremacy clause Establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it.
Ratification of the Constitution Delaware, on December 7, 178.
The US House of Representatives Qualifications Must be at least 25 years old, have been a citizen of the united states for at least 7 years, be an inhabitant of the state they represent.
US Senate Qualifications Must be at least 30 years old, but have been a citizen of the US for the past 9 years or longer, they must be inhabitants of the states they seek to represent at the time of their election.
US President Qualifications Must be a natural born citizen of the US, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years or older.
NC Senate Qualifications Must be at least 25 years old, must be a qualified voter of the US, and have resided in the State as a citizen for two years and in the district for which he is chosen for one year
Governor and Lt Governor Qualifications Must be at least 30 years old, have been a citizen of the US for the past 15 years, and a resident of this state at least ten years before election.
Gerrymandering Control the boundaries for the favor of one's class
US Census Counts every resident in the United States.
Separation of Powers with an example Federal judges are appointed by the President, and confirmed by the Senate,they can be impeached by the legislative branch, which holds the sole power to do that.
Checks and Balance with examples The legislative branch is the part of the government that makes laws, but the executive branch gives veto power to the president, allowing the president to keep the legislative branch in check.
Federalism The federal principle or system of government.
Electoral College Consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President.
President’s Cabinet There are 15 cabinet positions.
All the different “jobs” of the president Chief of state, chief executive, chief administrator, chief diplomat, commander in chief, chief legislator, party chief, and chief citizen, etc...
How long do federal judges serve? For life.
Marbury vs Madison The U.S. Supreme Court first declared an act of Congress unconstitutional
Judicial Review A court can review an administrative action by a public body and secure a declaration, order, or award.
Precedent An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
Why does North Carolina have three Constitutions, why was there a need for each change? It abolished slavery and provided for universal male suffrage.
Created by: dwalker1234



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