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VocaBox 02 of Senac Intensive Intermediate

hit on (someone) [p] If someone hits on you, they speak or behave in a way that shows they want to have a sexual relationship with you. he was hitting on me and I was surprised and flattered.
get off [p] (1) begin something (2) If you get off, you leave a place because it is time to leave. (1) we got off to a good start. (2) At eight I said 'I'm getting off now
settle down [p] When someone settles down, they start living a quiet life in one place, especially when they get married or buy a house. One day I'll want to settle down and have a family
give up [p] (1) If you give up something, you stop doing it or having it. (2) If you give up, you decide that you cannot do something and stop trying to do it. (1) Coastguards had given up all hope of finding the two divers alive. (2) After a fruitless morning sitting at his desk he had given up
scroll (up / down) [p] If you scroll through text on a computer or phone screen, you move the text up or down to find the information that you need. I scrolled down to find 'United States of America'.
click on [p] If you click on an area of a computer screen, you point the cursor at that area and press one of the buttons on the mouse in order to make something happen. I clicked on a link and recent reviews of the production came up
log off [p] exit from a website // When someone who is using a computer system logs out or logs off, they finish using the system by typing a particular command. If a computer user fails to log off, the system is accessible to all
shut down [p] (1) to turn off the computer (2) to close of a factory, shop, or other business, either for a short time or for ever. (1) shut the computer down before you leave (2) Smaller contractors had been forced to shut down.
dress up [p] If you dress up or dress yourself up, you put on different clothes: (1) wear specially nive o colorful clothes, e.g. for a party (2) in order to make yourself look smarter than usual or to disguise yourself. (1) I just love the fun of dressing up in another era's clothing. (2) Politicians dress up their ruthless ambition as a pursuit of the public good.
dress down [p] f you dress down, you wear clothes that are less smart than usual. She dresses down in baggy clothes to avoid hordes of admirers.
try on [p] If you try on a piece of clothing, you put it on to see if it fits you or if it looks nice. "Try on" clothing and shoes to make sure they fit.
take off [p] If you take a garment off, you remove it. Take your clothes off, now! // She took off her spectacles
cut off [p] (1) If you cut someone off when they are speaking, you interrupt them and stop them from speaking. (2) If you cut something off, you remove it with a knife or a similar tool. (1) 'But, sir, I'm under orders to–' Clark cut him off. 'Don't argue with me.' // I called him on the phone, but we got cut off. (2) Mrs Kreutz cut off a generous piece of the meat.
call off [p] If you call off an event that has been planned, you cancel it. He has called off the trip
put off [p] If you put something off, you delay doing it. The Association has put the event off until October. // Women who put off having a baby often make the best mothers.
check out [p] If you check out something or someone, you find out information about them to make sure that everything is correct or satisfactory. Maybe we ought to go down to the library and check it out. // The police had to check out the call.
stand out [p] If something stands out, it is very noticeable. he's wearing a pink jacket, so he'll stand out from the crowd.
work out [p] (1) If you work out a solution to a problem or mystery, you manage to find the solution by thinking or talking about it. (2) If you work out, you do physical exercises in order to make your body fit and strong. (1) t took me some time to work out what was causing this. (2) Work out at a gym or swim twice a week
look after [p] to take care of; be responsible for // f you look after someone or something, you do what is necessary to keep them healthy, safe, or in good condition. (1) People don't look after other people's property in the same way as they look after their own.
take after [p] If you take after a member of your family, you resemble them in your appearance, your behaviour, or your character. Ted's always been difficult, Mr Kemp–he takes after his dad.
fill in [p] If you fill in a form or other document requesting information, you write information in the spaces on it. If you want your free copy of the magazine, fill this form in.
let in [p] to allow to enter // If an object lets in something such as air, light, or water, it allows air, light, or water to get into it, for example because the object has a hole in it. Sasha, please, let me in.
split up [p] If two people split up, or if someone or something splits them up, they end their relationship or marriage. My parents split up when I was 16
cut in line [exp] (1) to unfairly go in front of other people who are waiting to do something (2) the act of entering a queue or line at any position other than the end. don't cut in line
carry out [p] If you carry out a threat, task, or instruction, you do it or act according to it. Police say they believe the attacks were carried out by nationalists. // Commitments have been made with very little intention of carrying them out.
high archiever [adj] (of a person) dynamic, ambitious, and successful More and more high-achieving women in careers who want to have babies with men they love, are finding that work is draining away their nesting years.
master [n] If you say that someone is a master of a particular activity, you mean that they are extremely skilled at it. [v] If you master something, you learn how to do it properly or you succeed in understanding it completely. (1) She was a master of the English language. // They appear masters in the art of making regulations work their way. (2) Students are expected to master a second language.
world-class [adj] A world-class sports player, performer, or organization is one of the best in the world. He was determined to become a world-class player.
(be on a) short list [exp] If someone is on a shortlist, for example for a job or a prize, they are one of a small group of people who have been chosen from a larger group. The successful person is then chosen from the small group. If you've been asked for an interview you are probably on a shortlist of no more than six.
come in first [exp] win I'm always come in first. I have a lot of golden medals.
runner-up [n] someone who has finished in second place in a race or competition. The ten runners-up will receive a book token.
nominated [adj] If someone is nominated for a job or position, their name is formally suggested as a candidate for it. Under party rules each candidate has to be nominated by 55 Labour MPs.
award [n] a prize or certificate that a person is given for doing something well. She presented a bravery award to schoolgirl Caroline Tucker. Caroline won the award with a smile.
medal [n] If you win a medal, you receive a small metal disc because of sucess in a competition (or bravery, e.g., in war) Thomas had won many medals and awards in both handball and football
get an "A" [exp] get the highest grade for a piece of academic work I got an "A" doing my homework and participanting on the class.
anxiety [n] a feeling of nervousness or worry. Many editorials express their anxieties about the economic chaos in the country
unpleasant [adj] If something is unpleasant, it gives you bad feelings, for example by making you feel upset or uncomfortable. The symptoms can be uncomfortable, unpleasant and serious.
ostrich [n] a very large African bird that cannot fly. Ostrich is a fast-running flightless African bird, Struthio camelus, that is the largest living bird, with stout two-toed feet and dark feathers, except on the naked head, neck, and legs: order Struthioniformes
amusing ´[adj] Someone or something that is amusing makes you laugh or smile. He had a terrific sense of humour and could be very amusing.
amused [adj] If you are amused by something, it makes you want to laugh or smile. Sara was not amused by Franklin's teasing.
astonishing [adj] Something that is astonishing is very surprising. It's astonishing, he's learned Latin in three hours!
queue [n] a line of people or vehicles that are waiting for something. I watched as he got a tray and joined the queue.
liver [n] a large organ in your body which processes your blood and helps to clean unwanted substances out of it. The answer is that the exceptional preservation displayed in these rocks enables us to recognise the eyes, scales and even the liver of the animals
spread [v] If you spread something somewhere, you open it out or arrange it over a place or surface, so that all of it can be seen or used easily. She spread a towel on the sand and lay on it. // she spreads sun scream on skin
wag [v] When a dog wags its tail, it repeatedly waves its tail from side to side. (2) If you wag your finger, you shake it repeatedly and quickly from side to side, usually because you are annoyed with someone. (1) The dog was biting, growling and wagging its tail. (2) He wagged a disapproving finger.
pour [v] If you pour a liquid or other substance, you make it flow steadily out of a container by holding the container at an angle. Pour a pool of sauce on two plates and arrange the meat neatly.
flour [v] If you flour cooking equipment or food, you cover it with flour. [n] a white or brown powder that is made by grinding grain. It is used to make bread, cakes, and pastry. Lightly flour a rolling pin.
whisper [n] [v] When you whisper, you say something very quietly, using your breath rather than your throat, so that only one person can hear you. She sat on Rossi's knee as he whispered in her ear
get along [v] If you get along with someone, you have a friendly relationship with them. (UK) get on They seemed to be getting along fine
heat [v] When you heat something, you raise its temperature, for example by using a flame or a special piece of equipment. Meanwhile, heat the tomatoes and oil in a pan
traffic jam [n] a long line of vehicles that cannot move forward because there is too much traffic, or because the road is blocked by something. The rest of us can enjoy time with family, friends and the other motorists in the traffic jam .
rush [v] If you rush somewhere, you go there quickly. I've got to rush. Got a meeting in a few minutes.
chase (after) [exp] If you chase someone, or chase after them, you run after them or follow them quickly in order to catch or reach them. She chased the thief for 100 yards. // He said nothing to waiting journalists, who chased after him as he left
swear [v] If you swear to do something, you promise in a serious way that you will do it. We have sworn to fight cruelty wherever we find it // Alan swore that he would do everything in his power to help us.
take for granted [v] to accept or assume without question // accept as a matter of course ne takes certain amenities for granted // And they don't know us, so they can't take for granted we'd no possible motive for doing such a thing.
faithful [adj] Someone who is faithful to a person, organization, idea, or activity remains firm in their belief in them or support for them. She had been faithful to her promise to guard this secret
increase [v] If something increases or you increase it, it becomes greater in number, level, or amount. The population continues to increase. // Japan's industrial output increased by 2%
improve [v] If something improves or if you improve it, it gets better. Both the texture and condition of your hair should improve.
chatterbox [n] someone who talks a lot. I was a chatterbox at school.
sloth [n] (1) laziness, especially with regard to work. (2) an animal from Central and South America. Sloths live in trees and move very slowly. (1) He admitted a lack of motivation and a feeling of sloth. (2) Sloth is the adorable and lethargic animals living in treetops
talkative [adj] someone who talks a lot. I was a talkative student at school.
retire [v] When older people retire, they leave their job and usually stop working completely. At the age when most people retire, he is ready to face a new career.
prize [n] money or something valuable that is given to someone who has the best results in a competition or game, or as a reward for doing good work. He won first prize at the Leeds Piano Competition.
price [n] something is the amount of money that you have to pay in order to buy it. ...a sharp increase in the price of petrol.
tear [v] to rend (a solid material) by holding or restraining in two places and pulling apart, whether intentionally or not. You can use hands to do it. He took a small notebook from his jacket pocket and tore out a page
broom [n] a kind of brush with a long handle. You use a broom for sweeping the floor. My Broom is a wild bush with a lot of tiny yellow flowers.
sweep [v] If you sweep an area of floor or ground, you push dirt or rubbish off it using a brush with a long handle. he owner of the store was sweeping his floor when I walked in
insurance [n] an arrangement in which you pay money to a company, and they pay money to you if something unpleasant happens to you, for example if your property is stolen or damaged, or if you get a serious illness. The insurance company paid out for the stolen jewellery and silver.
hitchhike [v] travel by getting free rides in passing vehicles. he dropped out in 1976 and hitchhiked west
tramp [n] a person who has no home or job, and very little money. Tramps go from place to place, and get food or money by asking people or by doing casual work. In this category fall some of the adaptive activities of psychotics, autists, pariahs, outcasts, vagrants, vagabonds, tramps , chronic drunkards and drug addicts
beggar [n] someone who lives by asking people for money or food. We have to discourage begging and simultaneously find beggars another way of earning a living
poverty [n] the state of being extremely poor. Garvey died in loneliness and poverty.
demotivate [v] to cause (a person) to lose motivation Disappointment is bound to demotivate employees and affect performance.
gig [n] a live performance by someone such as a musician or a comedian. [v] perform live in public (1) The two bands join forces for a gig at the Sheffield Arena on November 28. (2) By the time he was 15, Scott had gigged with a handful of well-known small bands
instead [adv] as an alternative or substitute. // If you do not do something, but do something else instead, you do the second thing and not the first thing, as the result of a choice or a change of behaviour. He reached for the glass but did not drink, pushed it, instead, across the table towards Joanna // I decided to forget about dieting all the time and eat normally instead // They did not set a new level, but instead voted to go for the lowest possible tax
aside [adv] to one side; out of the way (2) If you move something aside, you move it to one side of you (3) If you move aside, you get out of someone's way (1) Ruth looked at her coldly, pushed her plate aside and stormed out (2) Sarah closed the book and laid it aside (3) She had been standing in the doorway, but now she stepped aside to let them pass.
set [v] If you set something somewhere, you put it there, especially in a careful or deliberate way. [n] A set of things is a number of things that belong together or that are thought of as a group. (1) He took the case out of her hand and set it on the floor (2) here must be one set of laws for the whole of the country
itchy feet [exp] If you have itchy feet, you have a strong desire to leave a place and to travel. The trip gave me itchy feet and I wanted to travel more
sneeze [v] When you sneeze, you suddenly take in your breath and then blow it down your nose noisily without being able to stop yourself, for example because you have a cold. What exactly happens when we sneeze?
sunbath [n] the exposure of the body to the rays of the sun or a sun lamp, esp in order to get a suntan an upstairs deck on which you could take a sunbath
badminton [n] a game with rackets in which a shuttlecock is played back and forth across a net. There is also a croquet set and equipment for cricket, football, badminton and tennis.
put in [exp] If you put in an amount of time or effort doing something, you spend that time or effort doing it. ade was going to be paid a salary, whether he put in forty hours or not
pick on [v] (1) If someone picks on you, they repeatedly criticize you unfairly or treat you unkindly (2) If someone picks on a particular person or thing, they choose them, for example for special attention or treatment. (1) Mr Adams was repeatedly bullied and picked on by his manager (2) When you have made up your mind, pick on a day when you will not be under much stress
rely [v] If you rely on someone or something, you need them and depend on them in order to live or work properly. The Association relies on member subscriptions for most of its income.
realia [n] real-life facts and material used in teaching The three in Part 5 relate to the Greco-Roman world: one on theurgy, two on Apuleius in relation to realia , and an Ostian Mithraeum
wealth [n] an abundance of valuable possessions or money. African Americans today only have eight cents for every dollar of wealth that White Americans possess.
busker [n] a person who sings or plays music for money in streets and other public places. I think the victim was a musician or a busker.
heat [n] the quality of being hot; high temperature. [v] make or become hot or warm. (1) It will fund a research project involving the design of equipment to measure microwave heat at temperatures of up to 1,500 degrees Celsius. (2) ...a gas that absorbs the sun's energy and heats the air above it.
chat up [v] Talk with 2nd intentions // If you chat someone up, usually someone you do not know very well, you talk to them in a friendly way because you are sexually attracted to them. He'd spent most of that evening chatting up one of my friends
measles [n] an infectious illness that gives you a high temperature and red spots on your skin. Maybe I should come down with a case of the measles before Friday
feather [n] the soft covering on body of birds. Each feather consists of a lot of smooth hairs on each side of a thin stiff centre. ..a hat that she had made herself from black ostrich feathers.
relief [n] If you feel a sense of relief, you feel happy because something unpleasant has not happened or is no longer happening. The news will come as a great relief to the French authorities
scholarship [n] If you get a scholarship to a school or university, your studies are paid for by the school or university or by some other organization. He got a scholarship to the Pratt Institute of Art.
locksmith [n] a person who makes and repairs locks Bricklayers, locksmiths , carpenters and other skilled workers had their workshops there
whether [conj] if // expressing a doubt or choice between alternatives // You use whether when you are talking about a choice or doubt between two or more alternatives. Whether it turns out to be a good idea or a bad idea, we'll find out // They now have two weeks to decide whether or not to buy // The council is considering whether to approve of the use of firearms // I don't know whether they've found anybody yet
aware [adj] If you are aware of something, you know about it. Smokers are well aware of the dangers to their own health
earn [v] If you earn money, you receive money in return for work that you do. Charlie was earning eight pounds, I was earning five.
go out [pv] (1) If you go out, you leave your home in order to do something enjoyable, for example to go to a party, a bar, or the cinema. (2) If you go out with someone, the two of you spend time together socially, and have a romantic or sexual relationship. (1) I'm going out tonight (2) I once went out with a French man
scratch [v] If you scratch yourself, you rub your fingernails against your skin because it is itching. He scratched himself under his arm
hardly [adv] (1) You use it to modify a statement when you want to emphasize that it is only a small amount or detail which makes it true, and that therefore it is best to consider the opposite statement as being true. I hardly know you // Nick, on the sofa hardly slept //// You use hardly in expressions such as hardly ever, hardly any, and hardly anyone to mean almost never, almost none, or almost no-one.
hardly ever [adv] almost never We ate chips every night, but hardly ever had fish. [+ ever] // Most of the others were so young they had hardly any experience. [+ any] // Hardly anyone slept that night.
politics [plural n] Politics are the actions or activities concerned with achieving and using power in a country or society. The verb that follows politics may be either singular or plural. The key question in British politics was how long the prime minister could survive. // He quickly involved himself in local politics.
politician [n] a person whose job is in politics, especially a member of parliament or congress. They have arrested a number of leading opposition politicians.
pretend [v] speak and act so as to make it appear that something is the case when in fact it is not. This literature not only pretends to know the odds, it claims to know the cash value of one's unlucky number coming up.
intend [v] have (a course of action) as one's purpose or objective; plan. She intends to do A levels and go to university. // Perhaps the council is intending to build purpose made truck stops on the outskirts of the towns if they implement these bans
inhabitant [n] a person or animal that lives in or occupies a place. It's important to get the names of the various bits of our British islands and their inhabitants right
isolated [adj] Placed or standing apart or alone; in isolation // An isolated place is a long way away from large towns and is difficult to reach Many of the refugee villages are in isolated areas.
remote [ad] At a distance; disconnected. // Remote areas are far away from cities and places where most people live, and are therefore difficult to get to. Landslides have cut off many villages in remote areas.
greet [v] When you greet someone, you say 'Hello' or shake hands with them. he liked to be home to greet Steve when he came in from school.
greeting [n] A greeting is something friendly that you say or do when you meet someone. His greeting was familiar and friendly.
bow [n] A bow is a weapon for shooting arrows which consists of a long piece of curved wood with a string attached to both its ends [v] When you bow to someone, you briefly bend your body towards them as a formal way of greeting them or showing respect. (1) Some of the raiders were armed with bows and arrows (2) He bowed slightly before taking her bag.
bowl [n] A bowl is a round container with a wide uncovered top. Put all the ingredients into a large bowl.
reach [v] If you reach somewhere, you move your arm and hand to take or touch something. Judy reached into her handbag and handed me a small printed leaflet
bind [v] (1) If st binds people together, it makes them feel as if they are all part of the same group or have something in common. (2) If you are bound by something such as a rule, agreement, or restriction, you are forced or required to act in a certain way. (1) It is the memory and threat of persecution that binds them together. (2) The authorities will be legally bound to arrest any suspects.
custom [n] A custom is an activity, a way of behaving, or an event which is usual or traditional in a particular society or in particular circumstances. The custom of lighting the famous flame goes back centuries.
nuisance [n] a person, thing, or circumstance causing inconvenience or annoyance. They admitted causing a public nuisance and apologised.
nosy [adj] If you describe someone as nosy, you mean that they are interested in things which do not concern them. // (of a person or their behavior) showing too much curiosity about other people's affairs. He was having to whisper in order to avoid being overheard by their nosy neighbours.
noisy [adj] A noisy person or thing makes a lot of loud or unpleasant noise. His daughter was very active and noisy in the mornings.
grocery store [n] small neighborhood supermarket // a grocer's shop // A grocer or a grocer's is a shop where foods such as flour, sugar, and tinned foods are sold. On the corner stood what seemed to me the largest grocery store in the world.
can [n] a cylindrical metal container. Tin (UK) [v] be able to. (1) The number of paint cans was unbelievable, and there were many different chemical compounds from oven cleaner to fertilizers, all free for the taking (2) They rip up old track quickly and lay new track much faster than can be completed by hand
carton [n] plastic or cardboard container in which food or drink is sold. ...a two-pint carton of milk // He walked to the kitchen, still sleepy, and took a long drink form the carton of milk
box [n] a square or rectangular container with hard or stiff sides He reached into the cardboard box beside him.
itchy feet [exp] If you have itchy feet, you have a strong desire to leave a place and to travel. The trip gave me itchy feet and I wanted to travel more
powder [n] fine dry particles produced by the grinding, crushing, or disintegration of a solid substance. The thickness of the laminae increased with the size of the particles of the fine powder , but not to any great extent as follows
re-use [v] use again or more than once The theatre company hoped to save money by reusing its existing technical equipment, but in the event all had to be renewed, and more funding had to be found.
jam [n] (1) a sweet spread or preserve made from fruit and sugar boiled to a thick consistency (2) an informal gathering of musicians improvising together, especially in jazz or blues. (1) i love home-made jam. (2) Just as jazz musicians improvise in a jam session , two or more painters hold a visual dialogue where non-verbal expression provokes a response that in turn provokes a reaction from a partner.
absent-minded [adj] Someone who is absent-minded forgets things or does not pay attention to what they are doing, often because they are thinking about something else n his later life he became even more absent-minded.
open-minded [adj] If you describe someone as open-minded, you approve of them because they are willing to listen to and consider other people's ideas and suggestions. He was very open-minded about other people's work.
Inc. [n] Inc. is an abbreviation for Incorporated when it is used after a company's name. .BP America Inc.
ladder a structure consisting of a series of bars or steps between two upright lengths of wood, metal, or rope, used for climbing up or down something. Raul turned away angrily, climbing back up the ladder to middle deck.
stairs [n] a set of steps leading from one floor of a building to another, typically inside the building. She walked around the ground level looking for the flight of stairs that led to the second floor
diapers [n] A diaper is a piece of soft towel or paper, which you fasten round a baby's bottom in order to soak up its urine and faeces. He never changed her diapers, never bathed her.
apology [n] something that you say or write in order to tell someone that you are sorry that you have hurt them or caused trouble for them. He made a public apology for the team's performance.
at all [pra] You use at all at the end of a clause to give emphasis in negative statements, conditional clauses, and questions. Robin never really liked him at all. // There were no roads at all. // Surely if the woman had any decency at all, she'd have withdrawn at once. // 'Are you dizzy at all?' he asked her.
goat [n] a farm animal or a wild animal that is about the size of a sheep. Goats have horns, and hairs on their chin which resemble a beard. Cows produce ten times more meat than sheep or goats and beef production grew increasingly important as pig numbers decreased
goatee [n] a very short pointed beard that covers a man's chin but not his cheeks. With so many celebrities sporting moustaches, beards, goatees and soul spots, facial hair has never been more popular
blister [n] a painful swelling on the surface of your skin. Blisters contain a clear liquid and are usually caused by heat or by something repeatedly rubbing your skin. Soon everything was on fire and she watched helplessly as her skin blistered and burned
pimples [n] a small round usually inflamed swelling of the skin is face was covered with pimples.
chewing gum [n] a kind of sweet that you can chew for a long time. You do not swallow it. a stick of chewing gum.
bubble gum [n] a sweet substance similar to chewing gum. You can blow it out of your mouth so it makes the shape of a bubble. I got bubblegum on the seat of Nanna's car
to owe [v] If you owe money to someone, they have lent it to you and you have not yet paid it back. You can also say that the money is owing. The company owes money to more than 60 banks.
slingshot [n] a catapult. // a forked stick, to which an elastic strap (or a pair of elastic bands connected by a small sling) is fastened to the two prongs, typically used for shooting small stones. Tatjiana lifted her electric-infused slingshot , held onto the rubber bands, and drew back her arm as far as she could.
owl [n] any nocturnal bird of prey with a flat face, large eyes, and a small sharp beak. Most owls obtain their food by hunting small animals at night. You hear owls at night
chin [n] the part of your face that is below your mouth and above your neck. From the very start of his bodybuilding career, the Oak made chinning a priority in his workouts.
tray [n] a flat piece of wood, plastic, or metal, which usually has raised edges and which is used for carrying things, especially food and drinks. If you leave them too long in shallow trays they grow extremely long tap roots which wind around and get tangled up
canvas [n] (1) a strong, heavy cloth that is used for making things such as tents, sails, and bags. (2) a piece of canvas or similar material on which an oil painting can be done. (1) Most of the miners lived in canvas tents, some of them large enough to accommodate several men, and there were a few log cabins
needy [adj] Needy people do not have enough food, medicine, or clothing, or adequate houses. ...a multinational force aimed at ensuring that food and medicine get to needy refugees.
turning point [n] a time at which an important change takes place which affects the future of a person or thing. The vote yesterday appears to mark something of a turning point in the war
movements [n] (1) a group of people working together to advance their shared political, social, or artistic ideas. (2) an act of changing physical location or position. (3) a principal division of a longer musical work. (1) The marchers join a swelling youth protest movement as many face a bleak future (2) the body was in the proper position for later movement (3) Bruch's violin concerto was on, and it took me the entire first movement to assemble the thing
foundation (1) The foundations of a building or other structure are the layer of bricks or concrete below the ground that it is built on. (2) A foundation is an organization which provides money for a special purpose such as research or charity. (1) The surviving remains include parts of the main gate, on the east, and some excavated areas within the walls containing the foundations of domestic buildings, a small bath suite, and a sanctuary (2) ...the National Foundation for Educational Research.
aim [v] If you aim for something or aim to do something, you plan or hope to achieve it. He is aiming for the 100 metres world record.
heresy [n] a belief or action that most people think is wrong, because it disagrees with beliefs that are generally accepted. It might be considered heresy to suggest such a notion
trial [n] (1) a formal meeting in a law court, at which a judge and jury listen to evidence and decide whether a person is guilty of a crime. (2) an experiment in which you test something by using it or doing it for a period of time to see how well it works. (1) New evidence showed the police lied at the trial. (2) hey have been treated with this drug in clinical trials.
robbery [n] the crime of stealing money or property from a bank, shop, or vehicle, often by using force or threats. The gang members committed dozens of armed robberies.
ankle [n] The joint where your foot joins your leg. John twisted his ankle badly.
faint [adj] (of a sight, smell, or sound) barely perceptible // A faint sound, colour, mark, feeling, or quality has very little strength or intensity. He became aware of the soft, faint sounds of water dripping.
bleed [v] When you bleed, you lose blood from your body as a result of injury or illness. His head had struck the sink and was bleeding.
needle [n] A needle is a small, very thin piece of polished metal which is used for sewing. It has a sharp point at one end and a hole in the other for a thread to go through. A needle is a small, very thin piece of polished metal which is used for sewing. It has a sharp point at one end and a hole in the other for a thread to go through.
rehearsal [n] a practice or trial performance of a play or other work for later public performance. The sketch should be a kind of rehearsal for the eventual painting. // Daydreams may seem to be rehearsals for real-life situations.
rehearse [v] practice (a play, piece of music, or other work) for later public performance. A cast of 11 are currently rehearsing the play which was written in 1907 and was Mr Fitzmaurice's first and biggest commercial success
cranky [adj] ill-tempered; irritable; bad-tempered // If you describe ideas or ways of behaving as cranky, you disapprove of them because you think they are strange. The Front has often been dismissed as a cranky fringe group. // And, even though it's been a good day, I'm cranky .
afford [v] have enough money to pay for. // provide or supply (an opportunity or facility). I couldn't afford to pay €45 a week out of the money I get. // There is a shaded area at the top of a hill nearby that affords a good view, is quiet and is very pleasant.
slip up [pv] If you slip up, you make a small or unimportant mistake. There were occasions when we slipped up. // You will see exactly where you are slipping up.
knock [n] a sudden short sound caused by a blow, especially on a door to attract attention or gain entry. At half-past six on the dot, a knock sounded on the door
loan [n] (1) a sum of money that you borrow (2) If someone gives you a loan of something, you borrow it from them (3) [v] If you loan something to someone, you lend it to them (1) The country has no access to foreign loans or financial aid (2) I am in need of a loan of a bike for a few weeks (3) He had kindly offered to loan us all the plants required for the exhibit
floor plan [n] a drawing to scale of the arrangement of rooms on one floor of a building I have the leaders write down on the floor plan of the building what happens in each room during the various hours of the week. // The common solution is to enter into a floor planning arrangement.
bankrupt [adj] People or organizations that go bankrupt do not have enough money to pay their debts. [v] To bankrupt a person or organization means to make them go bankrupt. (1) If the firm cannot sell its products, it will go bankrupt. (2) The move to the market nearly bankrupted the firm and its director
regret [v] If you regret something that you have done, you wish that you had not done it. [n] a feeling of sadness or disappointment, which is caused by something that has happened or something that you have done or not done. (1) I simply gave in to him, and I've regretted it ever since (2) My great regret in life is that I didn't bring home the America's Cup.
fantasy [n] a pleasant situation or event that you think about and that you want to happen, especially one that is unlikely to happen (2) a story or situation that someone creates from their imagination and that is not based on reality (1) ...fantasies of romance and true love. (2) The film is more of an ironic fantasy than a horror story.
costume [n] (1) the set of clothes they wear while they are performing. (2) The clothes worn by people at a particular time in history, or in a particular country, are referred to as a particular type of costume. (1) Even from a distance the effect of his fox costume was stunning. (2) and women in eighteenth-century costume.
tiles [n] flat pieces of baked clay which are used for covering roofs. ...a fine building, with a neat little porch and ornamental tiles on the roof.
wealthy [adj] Someone who is wealthy has a large amount of money, property, or valuable possessions. ...a wealthy international businessman
referee [n] the official who controls a sports event such as a football game or a boxing match. The match will be refereed by referre Derek Bevan from Wales
trend [n] a general direction in which something is developing or changing. The editors followed the general trends within economic history, whose foundations were developed elsewhere
bald [adj] Someone who is bald has little or no hair on the top of their head. The man's bald head was beaded with sweat.
freckles [n] small light brown spots on someone's skin, especially on their face. He had short ginger-coloured hair and freckles.
brunette [n] a woman or girl with dark brown hair. The previous day he was spotted on a cycle ride with a mystery brunette.
fair [n] reasonable, right, and just. Independent observers say the campaign's been very much fairer than expected.
dwarf [n] In former times, people who were much smaller than normal In children's stories, a dwarf is an imaginary creature that is like a small person. Dwarfs often have magical powers.
couch-potato [n] someone who spends most of their time watching television and does not exercise or have any interesting hobbies. ...couch potatoes flicking through endless satellite TV channels.
easygoing [adj] someone who is not easily annoyed, worried, or upset, and you think this is a good quality. He was easygoing and good-natured.
hard-working [adj] someone who works very hard He was hardworking and energetic.
clumsy [adj] A clumsy person moves or handles things in a careless, awkward way, often so that things are knocked over or broken. Unfortunately, I was still very clumsy behind the wheel of the jeep.
stubborn [adj] Someone who is stubborn or who behaves in a stubborn way is determined to do what they want and is very unwilling to change their mind. He is a stubborn character used to getting his own way.
outgoing [adj] friendly and likes meeting and talking to people // friendly and socially confident. // a person in charge of something who is soon going to leave that position. She was such a friendly and outgoing person and had time for all her customers
jealous [adj] If someone is jealous, they feel angry or bitter because they think that another person is trying to take a lover or friend, or a possession, away from them. She got insanely jealous and there was a terrible fight.
conceited [adj] If you say that someone is conceited, you are showing your disapproval of the fact that they are far too proud of their abilities or achievements. I thought him conceited and arrogant.
lazy [adj] If someone is lazy, they do not want to work or make any effort to do anything. Lazy and incompetent police officers are letting the public down.
charismatic [adj] A charismatic person attracts, influences, and inspires people by their personal qualities. There is no other person in Scottish history who really compares to him as a multi-faceted warrior, leader and charismatic figure.
tickle [n] lightly touch or prod (a person or a part of the body) in a way that causes itching and often laughter. Amber giggled and gasped lightly as he swirled her around while tickling her.
effort [n] If you make an effort to do something, you try very hard to do it. He made no effort to hide his disappointment.
innovative [adj] (1) Something that is innovative is new and original. (2) An innovative person introduces changes and new ideas. (1) ..products which are more innovative than those of their competitors. (2) He was one of the most creative and innovative engineers of his generation.
inspirational [adj] Something providing or showing creative or spiritual inspiration. Gandhi was an inspirational figure.
reef [n] a long line of rocks or sand, the top of which is just above or just below the surface of the sea. An unspoilt coral reef encloses the bay.
straw [n] dried stalks of grain, used especially as fodder or as material for thatching, packing, or weaving. // the dried, yellowish stalks from crops such as wheat or barley. The barn was full of bales of straw. // Most households there rely on temporary or cyclical migration, combined with weaving straw figures.
energy-saving [n] the fact of saving energy, or amount of energy saved They have been able to achieve energy savings of as much as 75 per cent, compared with conventional homes.
light bulbs [n] the round glass part of an electric light or lamp which light shines from. Continuing with the small stuff, you would be amazed how much difference changing your light bulbs can make.
insulated [adj] covered with insulation, protected by interposing material that prevents the loss of heat or the intrusion of sound. In order to make it safe, the element is electrically insulated.
double-paned [n] Double-paned windows have two sheets of glass in a window frame instead of just one. Between the glass panes is a small space to provide insulation. The small space between window panes is filled with insulating gas to further increase insulation. Double pane windows offer many benefits, most notable energy savings
self sufficient [adj] (1) If a country or group is self-sufficient, it is able to produce or make everything that it needs (2) Someone who is self-sufficient is able to live happily without anyone else. (1) Using traditional methods poor farmers can be virtually self-sufficient (2) Although she had various boyfriends, she was, and remains, fiercely self-sufficient.
on stand by [exp] in a state of readiness for action or use That'll see you through most of today, but we'll be on stand-by tonight if you need a top-up.
styrofoam [n] a very light, plastic substance, used especially to make containers // a kind of expanded polystyrene It is a padding the color of cardboard and the consistency of styrofoam
get rid of [exp] to relieve or free oneself of (something or someone unpleasant or undesirable) // to remove something that you do not want any longer I can’t wait to get rid of that ugly old couch.
heavily [adv] If someone says something heavily, they say it in a slow way which shows a feeling such as sadness, tiredness, or annoyance. // to a great degree; in large amounts. 'I didn't even think about her,' he said heavily // she is heavily pregnant
nightmarish [adv] If you describe something as nightmarish, you mean that it is extremely frightening and unpleasant. She described a nightmarish scene of dead bodies lying in the streets.
heatwave [n] a period of time during which the weather is much hotter than usual. Much of England was hit by violent storms as the heatwave that had engulfed the country over the past few days turned to torrential rain
despite [prep] You use despite to introduce a fact which makes the other part of the sentence surprising. It is possible to lead happy and productive lives despite their loss. // Despite being warned to be on time they both arrived late // I for one have been unable, despite many attempts, to see a dentist for nearly 3 years
tons [n] a large amount or number [adv] (intensifier) (1) I have tons of shoes // I've got a ton of books waiting to be read and an economy size box of hot chocolate just sitting on the counter waiting to be called to duty (2) I looked and felt tons better
second-hand [adj] Second-hand things are not new and have been owned by someone else. Buying a second-hand car can be a risky business.
track [v] (1) (animals/people) you try to follow them by looking for the signs that they have left behind, for example the marks left by their feet // (2) (someone/something) you investigate them, because you are interested in finding out more about them. (1) He thought he had better track this wolf and kill it. (2) If it's possible, track the rumour back to its origin.
rumors [n] a currently circulating story or report of uncertain or doubtful truth There were rumours of course, but no one could publish the stories without being sued for liable.
blackmail [n] the action of threatening to reveal a secret about someone, unless they do something you tell them to do, such as giving you money. Opponents accused him of blackmail and extortion.
strict [adj] (1) If a parent or other person in authority is strict, they regard many actions as unacceptable and do not allow them. (2) A strict rule or order is very clear and precise or severe and must always be obeyed completely. (1) My parents were very strict (2) The officials had issued strict instructions that we were not to get out of the jeep.
backshift [n] the changing of a present tense in direct speech to a past tense in reported speech (or a past tense to pluperfect). None of these items refer to eternal truths, and still the writers do not use backshift
good-natured [adj] with good mood (kind, friendly, and patient) everyone was very good-natured about my comments
Created by: joaonicodemos
Popular English Vocabulary sets




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