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Int 1 Sem 1

Integrated 1 Sem 1 Vocab

TermDefinition
Function A relationship in which for each input there is one output
Domain The set of all input (x) values for a function
Range The set of all output (y) values for a function
Slope A ratio that shows how steep or flat a line is
Linear Equation A function whose graph is a straight line because of a constant rate of change
y-intercept The point where the graph intersects the y-axis
x-intercept The point where a graph intersects the x-axis
slope-intercept form One of the ways to write a linear equation
proportional Each output (y) is determined by multiplying the input (x) by a constant number. The graph is a line that goes through the origin
sum The result of adding two or more numbers
difference The result of subtracting two numbers
product The result of multiplying two or more numbers
quotient The result of dividing two numbers
order of operations The specific order to do operations when simplifying an expression: 1. Grouping symbols, 2. Exponents, 3. Multiplication or Division (L to R) 4. Add or Subtract (L to R)
variable A symbol (usually a letter in the alphabet) used to represent one or more numbers
expression A collection of variables and numbers connected by addition, subtraction. multiplication, and/or division
equation A mathematical sentence in which two expressions are equal to each other
coefficient A number that multiplies a variable
polynomial An expression written as the sum or difference of terms in one variable with whole number exponents
binomial A polynomial that is made up of two terms
monomial A polynomial that has one single term
trinomial A polynomial that is made up of three terms
distributive property A way to simplify expressions
perimeter Total distance around a geometric shape
area Number of square units needed to cover geometrical shape
complementary angles Two angles whose sum is 90*
supplementary angles Two angles whose sum is 180*
symmetry When a shape looks exactly the same after a flip, turn, or slide
Rigid transformation Moving a geometrical shape without changing size or shape
translation Slides a shape to a new location
rotation Turn all points in a shape the same number of degrees around a given point
reflection Flips a shape over a line to create a mirror image of the shape
least-squares regression line Line of best fit for data on a scatterplot
residual Difference between a predicted value and the actual value
correlation coefficient A measure of how scattered data is around the line of best fit
lurking variable A hidden factor that explains the true cause of an association
scatterplot A graph displaying two-variable data the x- and y-axis
independent variable Changes in this quantity are not a result of changes in the other variable
dependent variable Changes in this quantity are a result of changes in the other variable
outlier A data value that is not within the normal pattern of the data
arithmetic sequence A number pattern that increases or decreases by a constant value ie: 3,6,9,12...
geometric sequence A number pattern that multiplies by te same value each time ie: 4,8,16,32...
common ratio The constant multiplier for a given sequence
common difference The constant increase or decrease in a given sequence
recursive equation An equation used to generate the next term in a sequence ie: t(n+1)=t(n)+m
explicit equation An equation used to determine any term in a sequence based on the term number ie: t(n)=mn+t(0)
Created by: maaiked