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Rhetorical Terms

audience the listener, viewer or reader
concession acknowledgement that an opposing argument may be true or reasonable
connotation meanings or associations that readers may have with a word
context the circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes, and events
counterargument an opposing argument to the one a writer is putting forward.
ethos credibility and trustworthiness
logos using logic, numbers, facts and statistics
occasion the time and place a speech is given
pathos appealing to an emotional side of the audience
persona the face or character that a speaker is showing
polemic an aggressive argument that tries to establish the superiority
propaganda the spread of ideas to further a cause(advertise)
purpose the goal a speaker wants to achieve
refutation a denial of the validity of an opposing statement
rhetoric the art of persuading an audience through text/imagery
rhetorical appeals techniques used to appeal to and persuade an audience
rhetorical triangle speaker, audience, subject in a text
SOAPS subject, occasion, audience, purpose and speaker
speaker person or group who creates and may be saying the text
subject the topic of a text
text written/ preformed pieces such as fiction, nonfiction and more
alliteration repetition of the same sound beginning several words or syllables in the sequence
allusion brief references to a person, event or place(real of fictitious) or to a work of art
anaphora repetition of words of phrase at the begging of successive phrases, clauses or line
antimetable repetition of words in reverse order
antithesis opposition, contrast of ideas or words in parallel construction
archaic diction old fashioned or outdated choice of words
asyndeton omission of conjunctions between coordinated phrases, clauses or words
cumulative sentence sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence then builds and adds on
hortative sentence sentence that exhorts, urges, entreats, implores or calls to action
imperative sentence sentence use to command or enjoin
inversion inverted order of words in a sentence(variation of the subject-verb-object order)
juxtaposition placement of two things closely together to emphasize similarities or differences
metaphor figure of speech that compares two things without using like or as
oxymoron paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another
parallelism similarity of structure in pair or series of related words, phrases or clauses
periodic sentence sentence whose main clause is witheld until the end
personification attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea
rhetorical question figure of speech in the form of a question pose for rhetorical effect rather than for the purpose of getting an answer
synedoche figure of speech that uses a part to represent the whole
zeugma use of two different words in grammatically similar way that produces different,, often incongruous, meanings
Created by: KhaleyS2020



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