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Organic Chem, Ch. 16

Organic Chem, Vocabulary Words, Chapter 16, Mandy

Organic Chem, Chapter 16Organic Chem, Chapter 16
Carbonyl compound Any compound that contains a carbonyl group C=O.
Carbonyl group A functional group that has a carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond, >C=O.
Aldehyde A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to one carbon and one hydrogen, RCHO.
Ketone A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons in organic groups that can be the same or different, R2C=O, RCOR'.
Addition reaction, aldehydes and ketones Addition of an alcohol or other compound to the carbon-oxygen double bond to give a carbon-oxygen single bond.
Hemiacetal A compound with both an alcohol-like -OH group and an ether-like -OR group bonded to the same carbon atom.
Acetal A compound that has two ether-like -OR groups bonded to the same carbon atom.
Hydrolysis A reaction in which a bond or bonds are broken and the H- and -OH of water add to the atoms of the broken bond or bonds.
Created by: MandyR