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Organic Chem Ch. 12

Organic Chem Vocabulary Words Chapter 12, Mandy

Organic Chem, Chapter 12Organic Chem, Chapter 12
Organic chemistry The study of carbon compounds.
Functional group An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that has a characteristic structure and chemical behavior.
Hydrocarbon An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
Alcane A hydrocarbon that has only single bonds.
Straight-chain alkane An alkane that has all its carbons connected in a row.
Branched-chain alkane An alkane that has a branching connection of carbons.
Isomers Compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures.
Constitutional isomers Compounds with the same molecular formula but different connections among their atoms.
Condensed structure A shorthand way of drawing structures in which C--C and C--H bonds are understood rather than shown.
Conformation The specific three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule.
Substituent An atom or group of atoms attatched to a parent compound.
Alkyl group The part of an alkane that remains when a hydrogen atom is removed.
Methyl group The --CH3 alkyl group
Ethyl group The -CH2CH3 alkyl group
Propyl group The straight-chain alkyl group -CH2CH2CH3.
Isopropyl group The branched-chain alkyl group -CH(CH3)2.
Primary carbon atom A carbon atom with one other carbon attached to it.
Secondary carbon atom A carbon atom with two other carbons attached to it.
Tertiary carbon atom A carbon atom with three other carbons attached to it.
Quaternary carbon atom A carbon atom with four other carbons attached to it.
Combustion A chemical reaction that produces a flame, usually because of burning with oxygen.
Cycloalkane An alkane that contains a ring of carbon atoms
Line structure A shorthand way of drawing structures in which atoms aren't shown; instead, a carbon atom is understood to be at every intersection of lines and hydrogens are filled in mentally.
Created by: MandyR