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Iolani Eng9 Q2 Vocab

Iolani Eng9 Q2 Vocab MLK JFK

1. forebears n. ancestor, forefather.
2. prescribed vt. to lay down as a guide, direction, or rule of action.
3. heirs n. a person who is entitled to inherit the estate of another.
4. tempered adj. 1. made hard or flexible, especially by heat. 2. adjusted by adding a counter-balancing element.
5. heritage n. 1. practices that are handed down from the past by tradition. 2. something possessed as a result of one's situation or birth.
6. committed vt. 1. to carry into action deliberately. 2. to pledge or assign to a course or use.
7. assure vt. 1. to make safe. 2. to make sure or certain. 3. to make certain the attainment of.
8. pledge vt. to promise the performance of.
9. asunder adv. 1. into parts. 2. apart from each other in position.
10. tyranny n. 1. oppressive power. 2. a govt. in which absolute power is vested in a single ruler
11. alliance n. 1. a bond or connection between families, states, parties, or individuals. 2. an association to further the common interests of the members.
12. aggression n. 1. a forceful action especially when intended to dominate or master. 2. the practice of making attacks or encroachments. 3. hostile, injurious, or destructive behavior or outlook
13. subversion n. a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by persons working secretly from within.
14. sovereign adj. 1. possessed of supreme power. 2. enjoying autonomy or self-rule.
15. invective n. 1. vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach. 2. an angry accusation. 3. an insulting or abusive word or expression.
16. adversary n. one that contends with, opposes, or resists; enemy.
17. civility n. 1. civilized conduct, courtesy, politeness. 2. a polite act or expression.
18. negotiate vi. to confer with another so as to arrive at the settlement of some matter.
19. belaboring vt. 1. to attack verbally. 2. to explain or insist on excessively.
20. formulate vt. 1. to devise or develop. 2. to express in precise form.
21. invoke vt. 1. to put into effect or operation 2. to petition for help or support.
22. eradicate vt. to do away with as completely as if by pulling up by the roots.
23. commerce n. 1. social intercourse: interchange of ideas, or sentiments. 2. the exchange or buying and selling of commodities.
24. oppressed n. those who are burdened psychologically or mentally.
25. beachhead n. an area on a hostile shore occupied to secure further landing of troops and supplies.
26. endeavor n. 1. serious determined effort. 2. activity directed toward a goal.
27. preserved adj. 1. kept safe from injury, harm, destruction. 2. kept alive, intact, free from decay.
28. summons vt. 1. to call upon to do something specified. 2. to call into action; rouse; call forth.
29. tribulation n. 1. grievous trouble; severe trial or suffering. 2. an an affliction, trouble, etc.
30. forge v. to form or make, esp. by concentrated effort.
31. shrink v. to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance.
1. emancipation n. the act or process of setting free from the power of another, from slavery,
2. proclamation n. something that is proclaimed; a public and official announcement.
3. momentous adj. of great or far-reaching importance or consequence.
4. decree n. 1. a formal and authoritative order 2. a judicial decision or order.
5. seared vt. to char, scorch, or burn the surface of with (or as if with) a hot instrument.
6. withering adj. 1. drying up or shriveling from loss of moisture 2. losing freshness; drooping.
7. manacles n. shackles for the hand; handcuffs; restraints.
8. segregation n. the policy or practice of separating people of different races, classes, or ethnic groups, as in schools, housing, and public facilities, especially as a form of discrimination.
9. languishing vi. 1. to be or become weak or feeble; droop; fade. 2. to lose vigor and vitality. 3. to undergo neglect or experience prolonged inactivity; suffer hardship and distress.
10. exile n. 1. a person banished from his or her native land. 2. anyone separated from his or her country or home voluntarily or by force of circumstances.
11. promissory adj. 1. containing or implying a promise note n. a written promise to pay a specified sum of money to a designated person at a fixed time or on demand.
12. unalienable adj. not to be separated, given away, or taken away; inalienable.
13. defaulted vi. to fail to do what is required.
14. obligation n. 1. a binding promise, contract, sense of duty, etc. 2. a debt of gratitude.
15. insufficient adj. 1. lacking in what is necessary or required 2. deficient in force, quality, or amount; inadequate.
16. hallowed adj. regarded as holy; venerated; sacred.
17. desolate adj. 1. barren or laid waste; devastated. 2. deserted; uninhabited. 3. solitary; lonely. 4. having the feeling of being abandoned by friends or by hope; forlorn. 5. dreary; dismal; gloomy.
18. sweltering adj. 1. suffering oppressive heat. 2. characterized by oppressive heat; sultry.
19. tranquility n. quality or state of being tranquil; calmness; peacefulness; quiet; serenity.
20. threshold n. 1. the entrance to a house or building. 2. any place or point of entering or beginning.
21. degenerate vi. 1. to fall below a normal or desirable level in physical, mental, or moral qualities; deteriorate. 2. to diminish in quality, esp. from a former state of coherence, balance, integrity, etc.
22. engulfed vt. 1. to swallow up in or as in a gulf; submerge. 2. to plunge or immerse, as into a gulf.
23. evidenced vt. 1. to make evident or clear; show clearly; manifest. 2. to support by evidence.
24. inextricably adj. 1. incapable of being disentangled, undone, loosed, or solved. y
25. ghetto n. a section of a city, esp. a thickly populated slum area, inhabited predominantly by members of an ethnic or other minority group, often as a result of social or economic situations
26. quest n. a search or pursuit made in order to find or obtain something.
27. persecution n. a campaign to exterminate, drive away, or subjugate a people because of their religion, race, or beliefs.
28. redemptive adj. 1. serving to redeem 2. of or pertaining to redemption or salvation.
29. wallow vi. 1. to roll about or lie in water, snow, mud, dust, or the like. 2. to live self-indulgently; luxuriate; revel. 3. to flounder about; move along or proceed clumsily or with difficulty.
30. creed n. 1. any system, doctrine, or formula of religious belief or of opinion.
31. oppression n. 1. the exercise of power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner. 2. an act or instance of oppressing 3. the feeling of being heavily burdened, mentally or physically.
32. oasis n. 1. a small fertile or green area in a desert, usually having a spring or well. 2. something serving as a refuge, relief, or pleasant change from what is usual, annoying, difficult, etc
33. nullification n. the act of making null and void; counteracting the effect or force of something.
34. exalted adj. 1. raised or elevated, as in rank or character; of high station. 2. noble; lofty.
35. hew vt. 1. to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop; hack. 2. to make, shape, smooth with cutting blows. 3. to sever a part from a whole by means of cutting blows.
36. transform vt. 1. to change in form, appearance, or structure; metamorphose. 2. to change in condition, nature, or character; convert.
37. jangling adj. producing discordant sounds.
38. discords n. 1. lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things; tension or strife resulting from a lack of agreement; dissension. 2. a confused or harsh sound or mingling of sounds.
39. prodigious adj. 1. extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc. 2. wonderful or marvelous.
Created by: ancai