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English 7 1.3

Phrases

TermDefinition
phrase a group of words that does NOT have both a subject and a verb
prepositional phrases a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition
appositive * a noun or pronoun that identifies or explains another noun or pronoun in the sentence *My friend [Amy] is an honor roll student. My dad, [Fred], is an engineer.
appositives & commas Do not use commas if the appositive is needed to clarify the sentence. If the information is not needed, commas are used to offset the information.
participial phrase *a participle along with any words that modify it *[Smiling sweetly], the little boy presented his mother with a bouquet of dandelions. *Smiling is a participle, and sweetly is an adverb describing how the little boy was smiling
adjectival phrase *a group of words that acts as an adjective in a sentence *Adjectival phrases answer the following questions about the words they modify: Which one? What kind? How many? and How much?
adverbial phrase *group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence *answers the following questions about the word it modifies: When? Where? How? How often? and To what extent? *only a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE can act as an adverbial phrase.
misplaced modifier a modifying word or phrase that is not in the correct position, can cause the meaning of the sentence to change.
Created by: kara0601
 

 



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