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Physics abschluss

QuestionAnswer
direction of a (physical) quantity Richtung einer (physikalischen) Grösse
magnitude of a (physical) quantity Betrag einer (physikalischen) Grösse
order of magnitude a (physical) quantity Grössenordnung einer (physikalischen) Grösse
unit of a (physical) quantity Einheit einer (physikalischen) Grösse
frame of reference Bezugssystem
acceleration Beschleunigung
displacement zurückgelegter Weg
translational motion Ortsveränderung
average or mean velocity mittlere Geschwindigkeit
instantaneous velocity Momentangeschwindigkeit
uniform gleichförmig
uniform acceleration gleichmässige Beschleunigung
slope Steigung
initial speed Anfangsgeschwindigkeit (genauer: -Schnelligkeit)
correspond entsprechen
flow resistance Strömungswiderstand
gravitational or free-fall acceleration Gravitations-, Schwere- oder Fallbeschleunigung
projectile Geschoss
axle Achse
cause and effect Ursache und Wirkung
coefficient of kinetic friction Gleitreibungszahl
coefficient of static friction Haftreibungszahl
downhill force Hangabtriebskraft
drag coefficient Widerstandsbeiwert; Strömungswiderstandskoeffizient
driving force Antriebskraft
funnel Trichter
inclined plane schiefe Ebene
inertia Trägheit
free-body diagram Kräfteplan
point of application of a force Angriffspunkt einer Kraft
pull of gravity; weight Gewicht; Gewichtskraft
pulley Rolle; Flaschenzug
retarding force Bremskraft
subscript Index
tensile force Zugkraft
thrust; propulsive force Schubkraft
unbalanced force unausgeglichene Kraft
to squash up, to push in zusammendrücken, eindrücken
stress and strain Zug und Druck
angular velocity Kreisfrequenz
rotate drehen
rotation in a plane Rotation in einer Ebene
revolution Umdrehung
inertial frame of reference Inertialsystem
stationary objects ruhende Körper
torque Drehmoment
static equilibrium statisches Gleichgewicht
hinge Angel, Scharnier
pivot point Drehpunkt
perpendicular senkrecht
lever arm Hebelarm
centre of gravity Schwerpunkt
fulcrum Angelpunkt
A net torque causes an object to rotate Ein resultierendes Drehmoment verursacht/bewirkt eine Drehung
energy conversion process Energieumwandlungsprozess
energy consumption Energieverbrauch
efficiency Wirkungsgrad
heat capacity Wärmekapazität
expansion Ausdehnung
conduction Wärmeleitung
convection Konvektion
radiation Strahlung
freezing Erstarren
boiling sieden
internal energy Innere Energie
melting schmelzen
change of phase Aggregatzustandsänderung
buoyant force Auftriebskraft
immersed eingetaucht
(completely) submerged (vollständig) eingetaucht
volume fluid displaced verdrängtes Flüssigkeitsvolumen
The buoyant force on a object equals the weight of the fluid it displaces Die Auftriebskraft auf einen Körper ist gleich der Gewichtskraft des Fluids, das er verdrängt.
objects less dense than the fluid will float Körper weniger dicht als die Flüssigkeit schwimmen
fluid Flüssigkeiten und Gase
gauge pressure Relativdruck
pressure Druck
density Dichte
absolute pressure Absolutdruck
solids Feststoffe
phases of matter Aggregatszustände
cohesive & adhesive forces Kohäsions- & Adhäsionskräfte
viscosity Viskosität
shearing (sideways) force Schärkraft
variation of pressure with depth in a fluid Änderung des Drucks mit der Tiefe in einem Fluid
compressible / incompressible kompressibel / inkompressibel
hydraulic system hydraulisches System
fraction submerged relative Eintauchtiefe
to hover in the water im Wasser schweben
voltage Spannung
current Strom
conductor Elektrischer Leiter
resistance Widerstand
insulator Isolator
charge Ladung
electrostatic repulsion Elektrostatische Abstossung
Like charges repel Gleichnamige Ladungen stossen sich ab
Unlike charges attract Ungleichnamige Ladungen ziehen sich an
force constant, spring constant Federkonstante
restoring force rücktreibende Kraft
simple harmonic oscillator Einfacher harmonischer Oszillator
fundamental frequency Grundfrequenz
damped harmonic oscillator gedämpfte harmonische Schwingung
oscillate schwingen
period Schwingungsdauer
superposition Überlagerung
constructive / destructive interference konstruktive / destruktive Interferenz
standing waves stehende Wellen
antinode Wellenbauch
node Knoten
natural frequency Eigenfrequenz
overtones Obertöne
resonance Resonanz
Created by: b1o0m4r1n3
 

 



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