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SPAN 3 Grammar Exam1

Grammar for Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
Regular tú commands order or request someone to do something, addressed as tú
What verb form do you use with tú commands Third person singular verb form of present indicative tense (el, ella, usted)
Habla con ella. Speak with her.
The tú command for ar verbs ends in _________ Tú commands for ar verbs end in "A"
The tú command for er/ir verbs ends in _________ Tú commands for er/ir verbs end in "E"
IRREGULAR VERB decir tú command Tú command: di
IRREGULAR VERB hacer tú command Tú command: haz
IRREGULAR VERB ir tú command Tú command: ve
IRREGULAR VERB poner tú command Tú command: pon
IRREGULAR VERB salir tú command Tú command: sal
IRREGULAR VERB ser tú command Tú command: sé (REMEMBER - ACCENT)
IRREGULAR VERB tener tú command Tú command: ten
IRREGULAR VERB venir tú command Tú command: ven
Pon las botellas en el reciclaje. Put the bottles in the recycling. (Note irregular form of verb "to put")
What verb form do you use with negative tú commands Second person singular verb form of present subjunctive tense (tú )
No tú hables Don't you speak. (Don't speak)
No tú corras Don't you run. (Don't run)
How do you attach object and reflexive pronouns to negative tú commands? No + Object Pronoun + Tú Command Verb
What does impersonal se do? Expresses generalizations, doesn't specify who carried out the action, similar to English impersonal - you, they, one, people
What verb tense is used wtih Impersonal se? Third personal singular verb tense.
What are direct objects? The thing or person getting the action of a verb. Answers what? or whom? usually.
What are the direct object pronouns? (there are six, but 8 counting the masculine and feminine of the third person) me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las
What are the subject pronouns? There are six. Yo, tu, el, nosotros, vosotros, ellos
What is the subject pronoun in the sentence: El come la comida, and what does the sentence mean? El is the subject pronoun. He eats the food.
Where does the subject pronoun go? Same order as the subject it replaces. Carlos eats food, he eats food.
Where does the direct object pronoun go? Always before the first conjugated verb.
Carlos introduces you (translate to Spanish) Carlos te presenta.
Presentas Carlos (translate to English) You introduce Carlos. (Note that Tu is dropped b/c everyone knows you mean you)
He introduces her (translate to Spanish) El la presenta.
If there are two verbs in a sentence, which do you conjugate? Only the first verb is conjugated.
How do you say "I want to eat the chicken." Quiero comer el pollo. (Conjugate only querer)
What is an unconjugated verb called? Infinitive
When is a verb reflexive? When the subject is the same as the receiver of the verb's action. Think mirror reflection.
How do you make a normal -ar, -er, -er ending verb reflexive? Ad -se after the r
ver = see: Make it reflexive ver+se = verse
duchar ducharse shower shower oneself (reflexive)
In spanish, when is a verb reflexive? Any time the verb's action goes back to the same person.
Translate: I take a shower. Me ducho.
Translate: You take a shower. Te duchas.
Translate: He showers. El se ducho. NOT el lo ducha!
What are the direct, indirect, reflexive pronouns that are all exactly the same? Me, you, us, you both: me, te, nos, os.
What are the reflexive pronouns for him/her and them? se for both!
Como se llama? What's his name?
Me siento. I sit.
How do you refer to body parts in a sentence? Use the - so el or la
Translate: I wonder. Me pregunto.
Do not use third person singular tense for these. Us the irregular form. There are 8. Irregular tu command verbs
decir to tell
hacer to do
ir to go
salir to leave
ser to be
tner to have
venir to come
What is the tu command for irregular verb decir? (to tell) di
What is the tu command for irregular verb hacer? (to do) haz
What is the tu command for irregular verb ir? (to go) ve
What is the tu command for irregular verb poner? (to put) pon
What is the tu command for irregular verb salir? (to leave) sal
What is the tu command for irregular verb ser? (to be) sé (requires accent!)
What is the tu command for irregular verb tener? (to have) ten
What is the tu command for irregular verb venir? (to come) ven
Pon las botellas en el reciclaje. (Pon is the command) Put the bottles in the recycling.
Name the 8 irregular tu command verbs decir (di), hacer (haz), ir (ve), poner (pon), salir (sal), ser (sé), tener (ten), venir (ven)
Created by: 1251298467