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Open Educational Resources Glossary

Attribution Recognizing the course of borrowed materials
Community of Practice A group with a common interest, craft or profession; can evolve naturally or be created for a specific purpose (also CoP)
Creative Commons Licence Licences applied to published work online offering simple, clear information about what other people can & can't do with that work
Copyright A form of "intellectual property" that gives the owner (usually the author) of an original work exclusive rights relating to the copying, dissemination, & adaption of the work
Exchange To make resources available with the guarantee, or at least the expectation, that the beneficiary will reciprocate
Granularity The pedagogic scale of a resource - ranging from a single image to an entire online course
Intellectual Property Rights A generic term relating to copyright, trademarks, patents, & other claims for "ownership" of a resource - registered or unregistered (also IPR)
Learning Resources Educational resources, digital or otherwise, used to support learning
Metadata "Data about data" - i.e. basic descriptive data that help users find & use a resource more easily
Open Access A publishing model whereby authors make their content freely available, albeit often with partial copyright restrictions or low copyright barriers
Open Movement A catch-all term referring to those who support attempts to make information freely available
Open Source Software for which the source code is available to the general public for use &/or modification from its original design
Open Standards Public standards (de jure, those created formally by a standardization body; de facto, those which gain "critical mass" through near-universal adoption)
Reuse Make use of a resource as it is, for the original purpose intended
Repository A place for storage and retrieval of digital resources
Repurpose Use a resource either after modification or for a purpose other than that for which it was originally created
Sharing Make resources available without expectation of a reciprocal act
Ancillary Materials Resources, services, and materials developed by textbook publishers to enhance student learning & increase the value of the textbook
Creative Commons A non-profit organization that manages a set of open-content licenses for the use, reuse, & distribution of materials
Fair Use (US) The legal term for allowing use of copyrighted materials under certain allowable conditions without permission from the copyright holder; still credit the source
Folksonomy User generated classification system that often uses tags to describe content
Learning Object A digital resource that can be reused to enhance teaching and learning
Licensing The process of choosing and assigning a license to an open educational resource by the original creator of that resource
Localization The process through which educational resources are adapted to meet local teaching and learning needs
Open Textbook Digitized textbooks freely available with nonrestrictive licenses
Peer Production The process of online, collaborative content creation by peers, most often facilitated through an authoring platform or wiki
Public Domain The state of being no longer under copyright protection & so freely usable by anyone
Remix Adapt, modify, or reinterpret a resource, possibly combining fragments from various sources
Tags Words assigned to resources in a user-generated classification system; a searchable way to find a resource & related material
Tag Cloud A visual representation for text data, typically used to depict keyword metadata on websites, or to visualize free form text
Textbook A manual of instruction in any branch of study
URL Uniform Resource Links (or Locators) are better known as web addresses
Wiki A type of content management system in which content is created without any defined owner or leader, allowing people to add, modify, or delete content in collaboration with others
Digital Rights Management (DRM) A systematic approach to copyright protection for digital media to prevent unauthorized redistribution & restrict the ways consumers can copy purchased content
Fair Dealing (CDN) The legal term for allowing use of copyrighted materials under certain allowable conditions without permission from the copyright holder; still credit the source
MOOC Massive Open Online Course, an online course aiming at large-scale participation and open access
Open Courseware (OCW) Courses or course components that are freely available under an open licence
Open Education Resource (OER) Educational materials freely accessible & openly licensed for anyone to legally & freely copy, (re)use, adapt, & re-share
TALS An acronym for Title, Author, License, Source - the key elements needed when creating attribution for an open source
Open Research Research conducted using open practices & approaches; data will be openly published & research papers will be be open access
Open Repository A repository that is fully open to users by containing open access materials & openly licensed metadata
Open Practitioner An individual who embraces open technologies & approaches in teaching
Open Practice Using open technologies, approaches, & open pedagogy as part of teaching
Open Pedagogy Teaching that incorporates open technologies & approaches such as use of OERs
Open Learning Learning that incorporates open technologies and approaches
Open Data Data that can be freely used, reused, & redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute & sharealike
Open Assessment The process of making assessment of students work open & driven by community rather than closed and proprietary
Open Describing a piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it
Created by: RLD



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