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CRChem1Ch12VocabNew

QuestionAnswer
Soluble A compound's ability or capability to dissolve in solution
Solution A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
Solvent The dissolving medium in a solution
Solute The substance dissolved in a solution
Suspension A mixture in which particles are so large that they cannot settle out unless the mixture is constantly stirred or agitated
Colloids Particles that are intermediate in size between those in solutions and suspensions
Electrolyte A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts electric current
Nonelectrolyte A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that does not conduct an electric current
Solution equilibrium The physical state in which the opposing process of dissolution and crystallization of a solute occur at equal rates
Saturated solution A solution that contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute
Unsaturated solution A solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution under the existing conditions
Supersaturated solution A solution that contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution contains under the same conditions
Solubility The amount of a substance required to form a saturated solution with a specific amount of solvent at a specified temperature
Hydration The strong affinity of water molecules for particles of dissolved or suspended substances that causes electrolytic dissociation
Immiscible When liquids that are not soluble in each other
Miscible When liquids that dissolve freely in one another in any proportion
Henry's law The law that states that the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the particle pressure of that gas on the surface of the liquid
Effervescence The rapid Escape of a gas from a liquid in which it is dissolved
Solvated When a solute particle that is surrounded by solvent molecules
Enthalpy of solution The net amount of energy absorbed as heat by the solution when a specific amount of solute dissolves in a solvent
Concentration A measure of the amount of solute in a given amount of solvent or solution
Molarity The number of moles of solute in one liter of solution
Molality The concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
Created by: Bradley_Zouck