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Inorganic Compounds

TermDefinition
Anion A negative ion. Formed by any neutral atom that gains an electron. -ide
Cation A positive ion. Formed by any neutral atom that loses an electron. Named the same as their parent atom.
Ion He charged particle. Can be produced by adding or removing one or more electrons from a neutral atom.
Diatomic molecules Two atoms bonded together to form a molecule. Hydrogen H₂, oxygen O₂, nitrogen N₂, fluorine F₂, chlorine Cl₂, bromine Br₂, and iodine I₂.
Ionic compounds Conduct electricity when dissolved in water.
Binary compounds Contain only two different elements.
Stock system A system that uses Roman numerals to name elements that form more than one type of cation.
Mono 1
Di 2
Tri 3
Tetra 4
Penta 5
Hexa 6
Hepta 7
Octa 8
Nona 9
Deca 10
AlCl₃ Aluminum chloride
Al₂O₃ Aluminum oxide
CaC₂ Calcium carbide
HCl Hydrogen chloride
HI Hydrogen iodide
BaS Barium sulfide
LiI Lithium iodide
MgBr₂ Magnesium bromide
NaH Sodium hydride
Na₂O Sodium oxide
CO Carbon monoxide
CO₂ Carbon dioxide
PCl₃ Phosphorus trichloride
SO₂ Sulfur dioxide
P₂O₅ Diphosphorus pentoxide
CCl₄ Carbon tetrachloride
N₂O Dinitrogen monoxide
N₂O₄ Dinitrogen tetroxide
NO Nitrogen monoxide
N₂O₃ Dinitrogen trioxide
S₂Cl₂ Disulfur dichloride
S₂F₁₀ Disulfur decafluoride
Polyatomic ion An ion that contains two or more elements.
Acids Hydrogen-containing substances that liberate hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. Begins with H.
Oxy-acid And organic compounds containing hydrogen, oxygen, and one other element.
Created by: NicholeBarber