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Solutions Review

properties of solutions

another name for a solution homogeneous mixture
part of solution that is mixed in solute
part of solution that does the mixing solvent
solutions have this number of phases 1
solution dissolving more than max amount of solute super saturated
solution dissolving less than max amount of solute unsaturated
solution dissolving exactly the max amount of solute saturated
determines if substance will dissolve in solvent composition of solute and solvent
can affect the rate of dissolving temperature , stirring , surface area of solute
only state of matter where solubility is affected by pressure gases
states of matter where solubility is affected by temperature solids , liquids, gases
when liquids mix in ALL amounts miscible
when liquids DO NOT mix in ANY amounts immiscible
SI unit for amount of substance mole (mol)
SI unit for mass kilograms (kg)
non-SI unit for volume liters (L)
moles of solute / L of solution molarity (M)
moles of solute / kg of solvent molality (m)
law: S1/P1 = S2 / P2 Henry's
solution with small amount of solute diluted
solution with large amount of solute concentrated
fix for a diluted solution add more solute
fix for a concentrated solution add more solvent
defined area in a mixture phase
property based on amount of solute particles (not type) colligative
mL (g) of solute / mL (g) of solution x 100% percent by volume
measure of amount of solute that dissolves in specific amount of solvent that creates a saturated solution solubility
freezing point depression , boiling point elevation , vapor pressure lowering 3 examples of colligative properties
affects solubility of solids, liquids and gases temperature
only affects the solubility of gases pressure
Created by: cadetjt