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Ch. 4 4.2

Subjunctive with doubt, disbelief, & denial

QuestionAnswer
Subjunctive is used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial. FLIP CARD The subjunctive is always used in a subordinate clause when there is a change of subject and the expression in the main clause implies negation or uncertainty.
Expressions of doubt, disbelief, or denial: USE SUBJUNCTIVE dudar to doubt
negar (e:ie) to deny
no creer not to believe
no estar seguro/a (de) not to be sure
no es cierto it's not true; it's not certain
no es seguro it's not certain
no es verdad it's not true
es imposible it's impossible
es improbable it's improbable
(no) es posible it's (not) possible
(no) es probable it's (not) probable
Expressions of certainty: USE INDICATIVE (present tense) no dudar not to doubt
no cabe duda de there is no doubt
no hay duda de there is no doubt
no negar (e:ie) not to deny
creer to believe
estar seguro/a (de) to be sure
es cierto it's true; it's certain
es seguro it's certain
es verdad it's true
es obvio it's obvious
*Pay attention to creer (4.2, pg. 143) FLIP CARD affirmative sentences: expresses belief or certainty (indicative) negative sentences: doubt is implied (subjunctive)
quizás tal vez (4.2, pg. 143)--FLIP CARD Meaning: both words mean perhaps Use SUBJUNCTIVE because they imply doubt about something
Created by: vblackford