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Urbanization and SI

Manual labor jobs done by hand, without the help of a machine
mechanization using machines to make work easier and faster
threshing machine machine that separated the wheat grain from the plant stalk.
reaper machine that cuts grain. One reaper could cut as much wheat as 16 men with hand-held blades
Cyrus McCormick a farmer and a inventor who perfected the mechanical reaper
Aaron Montgomery Ward started the first mail-order business in 1872 in Chicago using a catalogue
Richard Sears and Alvah C. Roebuck formed a mail-order company that was larger than Montgomery Ward. Even sold houses!
urbanization movement of people from rural (farming) areas to cities
tenements building that are divided into small apartments.
settlement house center that provides help for those with little money
hull house a settlement house started by Jane Addams in Chicago in 1889. Immigrants could learn English get help finding work, and day care for children of families where both parents worked
political machine an organization of people who control votes to gain political power. Political machines often controlled the immigrant's vote.
Tammany Hall a powerful political machine in New York City known for its dishonest operations.
"boss" William M. Tweed a Tammany Hall leader who was known for bribing leaders and cheating people out of money. He stole millions of dollars from New York
suspension bridge a bridge that us hung from steel cables
tenant someone who pays rent to use land or buildings that belongs to someone else. On farms, this was called sharecropping because instead of money, tenants paid with crops.
enfranchised having the right to vote
The Great Migration a period between 1915 and the 1940's when more than a million African - Americans moved north to work in factory jobs
W.E.B Du Bois in 1901 helped start the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people or the NAACP to try to bring an immediate end to discrimination
Booker T. Washington a former slave who believed that there were no "quick fix" for discrimination, but that it needed to come with education and improve income for African Americas. He started the Tuskegee Institute in 1881 and was its president until his death in 1915
George Washington Carver an African American scientist who organized the Agricultural department at Tuskegee Insistute
suffarge a term for the right to vote
sufferagists a term for people fighting for women's rights to vote such as Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony
Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote in 1919
Created by: 00033978r2



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