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Chapter 5 Vocab

Sections 5.1 and 5.2

QuestionAnswer
What is a form of energy that exhbits wavelike behavior as it travels through space? electromagnetic radiation
What is the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous wave wave length
What is the number of waves that pass a given point per second? frequency
What is the wave's height from the origin to a crest, or from the origin to a trough? amplitude
What encompasses all forms of electromagnetic radiation? electromagnetic spectrum
What is the minimum amount of energy that can be gained or lost by an atom? quantum
What is h, that has the value of 6.626 * 10^-34 J.S, where J is the symbol for the joule? Planck's constant
In this electrons called photoelectrons are emitted from a metal's surface when light of a certain frequency shines on the surface? photoelectric effect
What is a particle of electromagnetic radiation with no mass that carries a quantum of energy? photon
What is the set of frequencies of the electromagnetic waves emitted by atoms of the element? atomic emission spectrum
What is the lowest allowable energy state of an atom? ground state
What predicts that all moving particles have wave characteristics? de Broglie equation
What states that it is fundamentally impossible to know precisely both the velocity and position of a particle at the same time? Heisen berg uncertainty principle
What is the atomic model in which electrons are treated as waves? quantum mechanical model of the atom
What is the three-dimensional region around the nucleus? atomic orbital
What is the quantum mechanical model assigned to indicate the relative sizes and energies of atomic orbitals? principal quantum number
What are the atom's major energy level? principal energy level
What are the energy levels contained within a prinicipal energy levels? energy sublevel