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English 1

Exam Review

Author's Purpose is the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic. Then, once a topic is selected, the author must decide whether his purpose for writing is to inform, persuade, entertain, or explain his ideas to the reader.
Simile a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
Metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
Alliteration the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
Personification the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Hyperbole exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Imagery visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work
Onomatopoeia is the process of creating a word that phonetically imitates, resembles, or suggests the sound that it describes
Internal Conflict struggle within the mind of a literary or dramatic character, the resolution of which creates the plot's suspense
External Conflict struggle between a literary or dramatic character and an outside force such as nature or another character
Situational Irony is a literary device that you can easily identify in literary works
Dramatic Irony the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
Verbal Irony is when words express something contrary to truth or someone says the opposite of what they really feel or mean.
Main Idea is important information that tells more about the overall idea of a paragraph or section of a text
Tone the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc
Mood a temporary state of mind or feeling.
Symbolism symbolic meaning attributed to natural objects or facts
Foreshadowing be a warning or indication of (a future event)
Soliloquy an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play
Aside a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play
Motif a distinctive feature or dominant idea in an artistic or literary composition
Theme the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic.
Allusion an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference
Tragic Hero is a main character of a tragedy in a dramatic story
Catharsis the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions
Ubiquitous existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent
Retribution punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act
Imminent likely to occur at any moment; impending
Nadir the lowest point
Acrimony bitterness or ill feeling
Moratorium a suspension of activity;limit
Decorum behavior in keeping with good taste and propriety.
Pristine of or relating to the earliest period or state; primitive.
Discourse written or spoken communication or debate.
Cultivate try to acquire or develop (a quality, sentiment, or skill)
Vanquish to defeat in a conflict or contest
Debilitated make (someone) weak and infirm
Feckless lacking initiative or strength of character; irresponsible
Fathom to penetrate and come to understand
Upheaval a violent or sudden change or disruption to something.
Meritocracy a system in which the talented are chosen and moved ahead on the basis of their achievement
Forsake renounce or give up (something valued or pleasant)
Assimilation the process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas
Abetted encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular, to commit a crime or other offense
Perniciously having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle
Created by: Soliana
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