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Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Vocabulary

A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels throught space Electromagnetic Radiation
The shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous wave Wavelength
Is the number of waves that pass a given point per second Frequency
The height of a wave from the origin to a crest or from the origin to a trough Amplitude
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation with the only differences in the types or radiation being their frequencies and wavelengths Electromagnetic Spectrum
The minimuum amount or energy that can be gained or lost by an atom Quantum
h,which has a value of 6.626x10^-34 J.s where J is the symbol for the joule Planck's Constant
Electrons are emitted from a metals surface when light of a certain frequency shines on Photoelectric Effect
A particle of electromagnetic radiation with no mass taht carries sa quantum of energy Photon
The set frequencies of the electromagnetic waves emitted by atoms of the element Atomic Emission Spectrun
The lowest allowable energy state of an atom Ground state
Predicts that all moving particles have waves characteristics de Broglie Equation
States that it is fundamentally impossible to know precisely both the velocity and position of a particle at the same time Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The atomic model in which electrons are treated as waves Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
A 3d region around the nucleus Atomic Orbital
Indicate the relative sizes and energies of atomic orbitals Principal Quantum Numbers
The atom major energy levels Principal Energy Level
The energy level that are contaian in the principal energy levels Energy Sublevels
Created by: WildChild_011