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Naming Compounds

Studying the naming of compounds

QuestionAnswer
An element that has lost or gained electrons is called a(n): Ion
Metals tend to: Lose electrons
Which elements can form more than one oxidation number? Transition metals
"Many atoms" Polyatomic
Ionic compounds are made of: Metal + Nonmetal
How do ionic compounds bond? Transferring electrons
What symbol is used for Lewis Dot Diagrams of ionic compounds? Arrows
Type I ionic compounds are made using: Metal + Nonmetal
CaBr2 Calcium bromide
Copper (I) sulfide Cu2S
Tetraphosphorous decaoxide P4O10
CCl4 Carbon tetrachloride
What is the chemical name for water? Dihydrogen monoxide
PO4-3 Phosphate
Barium sulfate BaSO4
K2SO4 Potassium sulfate
What is the charge for cadmium? +2
What is the charge of the halogens? -1
What is the maximum number of valence electrons that an element can have? 8
How many valence electrons does aluminum have? 3
NaCl Sodium chloride
Cesium sulfide Cs2S
When do you NOT use "Switch 'em around and bring 'em down"? Covalent compounds
What is the only positively charged polyatomic ion? Ammonium
H3PO4 Phosphoric acid
C2H3O2-1 Acetate
HI Hydroiodic acid
Nonmetals tend to... Gain electrons
Cations are: Positive
Acids have been: Dissolved in water
What element always comes first in the formula of an acid? Hydrogen
Anions are: Negative
How do covalent compounds form? Sharing electrons
In a Lewis Dot Diagram, what do the dots represent? The number of valence electrons
What symbol is used for covalent Lewis Dot Diagrams? Circles
Type II ionic compounds are made from: Transition Metal + Nonmetal
Zinc chloride ZnCl2
"Switch 'em around and bring 'em down and..."?? Reduce
What must be around a polyatomic ion in a formula if there is more than one? Parenthesis
What family has a charge of +1? Alkali metals
What is the charge of silver? +1
Tin and Lead are: Transition metals
What is the charge of zinc? +2
How many valence electrons does oxygen have? 6
Does magnesium want to lose or gain electrons? Lose
Does nitrogen want to lose or gain electrons? Gain
Nonmetals NOT on the ion sheet end in... -ide
When naming an acid, -ate changes to... -ic
When naming an acid, -ite changes to... -ous
Oxalate C2O4-2
Prefix for "5": Penta
Created by: hansenc1