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Nuclear

Studying nuclear chemistry

QuestionAnswer
Who discovered radium and polonium? Marie Curie
Who identified the three types of radiation? Pierre Curie
These gain stability by undergoing changes in the nucleus. Radioisotopes
Process by which elements are converted into new elements. Transmutation
The study of radioactivity. Nuclear chemistry
We think of the arrow in a nuclear equation like a(n) Equal sign
This radiation changes the atomic number by one. Beta
This radiation does not change the mass number or the atomic number. Gamma
This radiation needs meters of concrete or centimeters of lead to stop it. Gamma
The graph of half-life has what shape? Curved line down (Parabolic)
This nuclear reaction occurs on the Sun. Fusion
How are nuclear reactions controlled at nuclear power plants? (two answers) Neutron moderation and absorption
What is the waste product of a fusion reaction? Helium
Who won a Nobel Prize for their work with Nuclear chemistry? Marie and Pierre Curie and Henry Bequerel
Who identified beta radiation as an electron? Henry Bequerel
Process by which a nucleus emits radiation. Radioactive decay
In chemical reactions, atoms are: Rearranged
A helium nucleus is what form of radiation? Alpha
The slowest form of radiaiton. Alpha
This radiation can be stopped by wood or aluminum foil. Beta
The nucleus that decays is called the: Parent nucleus
This radiation can be stopped by newspaper or skin cells. Alpha
Splitting of one large nucleus into two smaller nuclei is called... Fission
This nuclear reaction is used in nuclear power plants. Fission
Smaller nuclei combine to form a larger nucleus. Fusion
The name of the group that developed the nuclear bombs. Manhattan Project
This person Smashed Dalton's theory. Henry Bequerel
Who discovered radiation while working with uranium salts? Henry Bequerel
Nuclear reactions involve changes in the... Nucleus
Radioactivity is caused by... An unstable nucleus
This radiation changes the mass number by 4. Alpha
This form of radiation is the easiest to stop. Alpha
This radiation is a wave. Gamma
The nucleus that is created. Daughter nucleus
The time it takes for 1/2 the nuclei of a radioactive sample to decay. Half-life
This reaction was used in the atomic bombs. Fission
We haven't figured out how to perform this reaction at room temperature yet. Fusion
This reaction requires extremely high temperatures. Fusion
Radiation that was given off after the atomic bombs were dropped. Gamma
Was run over by horses. Pierre Curie
Penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive source. Radiation
Chemical reactions involve changes in the... Electrons
Compared to chemical reactions, nuclear reactions release: More energy
This radiation changes the atomic number by 2. Alpha
This radiation does not change the mass number. Gamma
This radiation is the hardest to stop. Gamma
A series of nuclear decay reactions is called... Radioactive series
A half-life decay problem will never reach... Zero
This nuclear reaction produces the most energy. Fusion
Which type of energy is NOT used at a nuclear power plant: nuclear energy, thermal energy, mechanical energy, or solar energy. Solar energy
Fusion at room temperature is called... Cold fusion
This nuclear scientist worked with magnets. Pierre Curie
Nuclear reactions cannot be... Sped up or slowed down
A radioactive series ends when it reaches a(n): Stable isotope
Which type of reaction is used in the Hydrogen Bomb? Fusion
Created by: hansenc1