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Preterite Tense

Spanish Preterite Tense Verbs

When do you use the Preterite Tense? Single, completed actions in the past (Yesterday, I went to the cinema)
Regular -ar verb endings -é -aste -ó -amos -asteis -aron
Regular -er verb endings -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron
Regular -ir verb endings -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron
Which stem-changing verbs take stem changes in the Preterite? (And in which parts?) - Only -ir stem-changing verbs (not -ar / -er verbs) - Stem change only occurs in parts 3 (él/ella/usted) and 6 (ellos/ellas/ustedes)
Stem-changing verbs in Preterite... e>? o>? e>i o>u
pedir (stem-changing) - to ask for pedí pediste pidió pedimos pedisteis pidieron
dormir (stem-changing verb) - to sleep dormí dormiste durmió dormimos dormisteis durmieron
-car verbs have irregular 'yo' forms - tocar (to play an instrument) toqué tocaste tocó tocamos tocasteis tocaron
-gar verbs have irregular 'yo' forms - jugar (to play a sport) jugué jugaste jugó jugamos jugastéis jugaron
-zar verbs have iregular 'yo' forms - cruzar (to cross) crucé cruzaste cruzó cruzamos cruzasteis cruzaron
andar (irregular) - to walk anduve anduviste anduvo anduvimos anduvisteis anduvieron
caber (irregular) - to fit cupe cupiste cupo cupimos cupisteis cupieron
estar (irregular) - to be estuve estuviste estuvo estuvimos estuvisteis estuvieron
hacer (irregular) - to do hice hiciste hizo hicimos hicisteis hicieron
poder (irregular) - to be able to pude pudiste pudo pudimos pudisteis pudieron
poner (irregular) - to put puse pusiste puso pusimos pusisteis pusieron
querer (irregular) - to want quise quisiste quiso quisimos quisisteis quisieron
saber (irregular) - to know (a fact) supe supiste supo supimos supisteis supieron
tener (irregular) - to have tuve tuviste tuvo tuvimos tuvisteis tuvieron
venir (irregular) - to come vine viniste vino vinimos vinisteis vinieron
conducir (irregular) - to drive conduje condujiste condujo condujimos condujisteis condujeron
decir (irregular) - to say dije dijiste dijo dijimos dijisteis dijieron
introducir (irregular) - to introduce introduje introdujiste introdujo introdujimos introdujisteis introdujeron
producir (irregular) - to produce produje produjiste produjo produjimos produjisteis produjeron
reducir (irregular) - to reduce reduje redujiste redujo redujimos redujisteis redujeron
traducir (irregular) - to translate traduje tradujiste tradujo tradujimos tradujisteis tradujeron
traer (irregular) - to bring traje trajiste trajo trajimos trajisteis trajeron
ser (irregular) - to be fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron
ir (irregular) - to go fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron
dar (irregular) - to give di diste dio dimos disteis dieron
Time Phrases - yesterday - last night - the day before yesterday - ayer - anoche - anteayer
Time Phrases - last week - last month - last year - last summer - last winter - la semana pasada - el mes pasado - el año pasado - el verano pasado - el invierno pasado
Time Phrases - two days ago - two weeks ago - two months ago - two years ago - hace dos días - hace dos semanas - hace dos meses - hace dos años
Created by: fslmfl



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