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Whole Body Term

Chapter 4- Whole Body Terminology

Anatomy The study of the structure or parts of the body.
Anatomical Position Body is standing erect, eyes looking forward, arms at the sides, and palms and toes directed forward.
Cell The basic unit of all living things.
Cytoplasm The jellylike material within a living cell.
Body Plane An imaginary line(s) drawn through the body to separate the body into sections.
Body System A group of body organs or structures that together perform one or more vital functions.
Organ Mmade up of two or more types of tissues that perform one or more common functions.
Tissue Made up of a group of similar cells that work together to perform a particular function.
Nucleus The control center of a cell.
Midsagittal Plane Divides the body into equal right and left portions.
Physiology The study of how a body part functions
Organelle Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a cell.
Mitosis A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus.
Transverse Plane Divides the body into upper (Superior)and lower (Posterior)parts.
Frontal Plane Divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions.
Homeostasis The maintenance of a stable, relatively constant environment within body cells and tissues.
Cell Membrane The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of the cell.; controls what goes in/out of cell
Abdomin/o Abdomen
Adip/o Fat
Lip/o Fat
Hist/o tissue
Sarc/o flesh
Poster/o posterior
Proxim/o near
Trich/o hair
Ventr/o bellyside of body; front
Vertebr/o vertebra
Lumb/o lower back
Onych/o nail
Umbilic/o navel; umbilicus
Proximal nearer to the attachment of the body
Distal farther from the attachment of the body
Superficial towards the surface of the body
Deep away from the surface of the body
Medial toward the midlne
Lateral away from the midline
Mitochondria powerhouse of the cell; produces energy
6 main function of a cell Energy Production, Growth, Metabolism, Reproduction Structure & Support, Transport
Connective Tissue supports, binds, joins tissue and organs
Epithelial Tissue covers and protects internal and external organs
Muscle Tissue contracts
Nervous Tissue transmits impulses
Cardiac Muscle makes up muscular wall of heart
Smooth Muscle in walls of hollow internal organs
Skeletal muscle attaches to bone
The pharynx is apart of what system(s) digestive and respiratory
Body Cavity are large spaces within the body that contain Internal Organs (VISCERA).
The 2 major body cavities Dorsal and Ventral
The Dorsal Cavity is composed of Cranial and Vertebral Cavities
The Ventral cavity is composed of Thoracic and Abdominopelvic Cavity
The spinal cord is located in the vertebral cavity
The thoracic cavity Contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, and major blood vessels.
The abdominal cavity Gall Bladder, Kidneys, Liver, Pancreas, Small Intestine, Stomach, Spleen, Ureters
The pelvic cavity Bladder, Colon, Large Intestine, Rectum, Reproductive Organs.
RUQ stands for right upper quadrant
LUQ stands for left upper quadrant
LLQ stands for left lower quadrant
RLQ stands for right lower quadrant
Created by: MsKim6399