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Literary Elements

Setting, Character, Point of View, Plot, Theme.

backdrop the time and place are not important to the story; timeless
integral the time and place are important to the story
mood atmosphere; how it feels for characters (tense, happy, sleepy, mad)
setting time and place of the action in a story
character person or animal that takes part in the action of a plot
charazterization five key methods authors can use to develop a character
appearance physical description of a character
behaviors actions
speech what is said, how it is said (slang; proper english)
reactions how other characters respond to the character
inner thoughts what he/she thinks
flat few details; more of a stereotype
round well developed, many sides; true to life; personality
dynamic character grows & changes, learns from experience/conflict
protagonist person who solves the problem; most of the time protagonists are the main characters
antagonist person or thing who works against the main character; creator of the problem
POV/narration how the story is told
1st person a character within the plot is telling the story (I, me, why)
3rd person limited narrator tells story and shares thoughts and feelings of only one character
3rd person omniscient narrator tells story and all emotions/thoughts of main characters. this is the ALL-KNOWING POV
plot the story itself; chain of events
linear chapter books, continuous plot
episodic each chapter is a separate story
open-ended you decide the ending; cliffhanger
conflict a struggle between opposing forces
internal inside a character's mind, soul
man vs self a man has a conflict with himself, mental or physical state
man vs man two men have a conflict
man vs society a man has a different opinion compared to the rest of the society
man vs nature a man against the wild, usually stranded or lost
man vs supernatural a man against something unexplained; like a ghost
external outside the character
plot line -exposition -rising action -climax -falling action resolution
foreshadowing clues of what will happen in the future
flashback looking back on past events
hyperbole exaggeration
suspense creates anxiety and uncertainty about the plot
irony twist of fate in the end; unexpected outcome
imagery use of any or all senses
metaphor comparison of two unlike objects where one becomes the other
simile comparison using like or as
personification giving human characteristics to non-human object
symbolism use of object to represent something bigger
alliteration repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in a line
oxymoron a contradiction in terms
theme author's message about life and people (central message)
Created by: welkerville



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