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AP Eng # Terms #2

AP Terminology

TermDefinition
Archaic Diction Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words
Asyndeton Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words Used to shorten the sentence to focus on the meaning
Caricature A representation in which the subject's features are deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic or grotesque effect
Concession An acknowledgement that an opposing argument may be true or reasonable
connotations Meanings or associations that readers have with a word beyond its dictionary definition. connotations are positive or negative.
Context The circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes and events surrounding a text
Counterargument An opposing argument to the one a writer is putting forward
Chiasmus A figure of speech based on inverted parallelism. It is a rhetorical figure in which two clauses are related to each other through a reversal of terms
Antimetabole Repetition of words in reverse order (It is a type of chiasmus, but not all chiasmus are a type of antimetabole)
Ad Hominem Argument Latin for "to or against the person," this fallacy involves switching the argument from the issue at hand to the character of the other speaker
Ad Populum (bandwagon appeal) This fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's doing it, so it must be a good thing to do."
Ambiguity The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the lateral meaning
Analogy A similarity or relationship between two things. An analogy can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with something more familiar. (similes and metaphors are analogies)
Antecedent The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
Antithesis A figure of speech that involves an opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a parallel construction
Appeal to False Authority This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise on a subject is cited as an authority
Apostropher A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction
Colloquialism Slang or informal speech or writing belonging to a particular geographic region
Claim Also called an assertion or a proposition, a claim states the argument's main idea or position. A claim differs from a topic or subject in that a claim has to be arguable
Claim of Fact This claim asserts that something is true or not true
Claim of Value This claim argues that something is good or bad, right or wrong
Claim of Policy This claim proposes a change
Fallacy Faulty reasoning; misleading or unsound argument
Created by: nancywalker