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Grammar and Usage

sentence a group of words that expresses a complete thought.
Subject tells whom or what the sentence is about
predicate tells something about what the subject does or did or is
verb expresses an action, states that something exists orlinks the subject with a description
helping verb helps the main verb make a statement or express an action
Helping Verb examples am, is, are, was, were, be, has, have, had, do, does, did
compound subject Has two or more subjects that are joined together.
compound verbs two or more verbs that are joined together
declarative sentence makes a statement
interrogative sentence asks a question
imperative sentence tells or request someone to do something
exclamatory sentence used to express strong feelings
period used after a declarative and imperative sentence
question mark used after an interrogative sentence
exclamation mark used after an exclamatory sentence
sentence fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete idea.
run-on sentence occurs when two or more sentences are written as one.
nouns names a person, place, thing or idea
nouns as things you can see bike, guitar, tree, car, rain
nouns as emotions you can feel pain, love, excitement, fear, jealousy
nouns name ideas interest, education, democracy, honor, thought
nouns as persons coach, friend, skydiver, Miguel, Mr. Jones
nouns as places house, field, beach, New Orleans, Disneyland
nouns as things shoe, cloud, bread, tree, eraser
common nouns the general name of a person, place or thing
proper nouns the specific or particular name of a person place or thing
direct object a noun used as a direct object receives the action of the verb.
indirect object the verb generally tells to whom or for whom an action is done
Predicate Noun nouns in the predicate that explain the subject or identify the subject
singular noun names one person, place, thing or idea
plural nouns name more than one person, place, thing or idea
possessive nouns shows who or what owns something
prounouns a word that is used to take the place of a noun or another pronoun
Subject pronouns found in the subject or after a linking verb - I, you, she, he, it, we, they
object pronouns use them as the object of the verb - me, you, him, her, it, us and them
possessive pronouns are personal pronouns used to show ownership or belonging - my, mine, your, yours, our, ours
antecedent of a pronoun a noun or a pronoun for which the pronoun stands. (Larry came today and brought his tools.
indefinite pronouns a pronoun that does not refer to a particular person, place thing or idea
verb express an action, states that something exists, or linds the subject with a word that describes it or renames it.
action verb says what the subject of the sentence does
linking verb states that something exists or is. It does NOT refer to an action
linking verb examples am, are, were, being, is, was, be, been, look, appear, seem, become, remain, feel, sound, taste, grow, smell
verb phrase consists of a main verb and one or more helping verbs
verb phrase examples will go, shall go, may go, could go, might go
verb tenses are used to show the time of an action or a state of being
present tense places the action in the present
past tense places the action or condition in the past
future tense places the action or condition in the future.
present particle adding ING to the verb or helping verb - call/calling talk/talking
past particle adding ed or d to the present form of a verb - (have)talk/talked (have)sip/sipped
adjective a word that modifies (talks about) a noun or pronoun
predicate adjective follows a linking verb - The clouds are fluffy.
adverb modifies (talks about) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
Popular English Vocabulary sets




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