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Newton's Laws Raines

vocab for physics

QuestionAnswer
Newtons first law Objects would stay still until you apply force . Objects would stop moving until you stop applying force
Newtons second law Force = Mass x Acceleration
Newtons third law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Inertia The tendency of want to move from one direction
What is the unit for acceleration M/s2
What is the unit for mass kg (kilograms )
What is the unit for force N (Newtons)
Speed distance over time
mass the amount of matter in an object
inertia an object's tendency to move in a direction
Force a push or a pull
acceleration a change in speed over time
velocity speed and direction
Vector a direction
momentum inertia in motion
impulse units of forts multiplied by units of time.
SI International Standard
centi 100
milli 1,000
deci 10
Kilo 1,000
Gravitational Constant (G) 6.67408 × 10^-11
Approximate gravitational force formula F~ m1 x m2/d^2
Exact gravitational force formula F= G m1 x m2/d^2
Newton's synthesis Newton found that the laws of gravity works the same in space as well as earth.
What kind of things determine gravitational force? Mass and distance
Electrical Energy When electrons move through a wire.
Radiant (Light) Energy Different types of light (Colors, microwaves, radio waves)
Nuclear Energy Energy from the splitting and bonding of atoms. Fission and Fusion
Thermal Energy Heat caused by moving atoms
Chemical Energy stored in matter. (Ex. Fuel, food, explosives)
Elastic Energy Energy from compressing or stretching (crushing or pulling)
Sound Energy Vibrations of Matter
Gravitational Energy Energy that comes from falling from high places
Mechanical Energy When something moves.
Kinetic Energy Energy in motion
Potential Energy stored energy
Created by: aureliusii