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Chem Exam 1

Organic

QuestionAnswer
What is a species formed from gaining or loss of e-? ion
What is a species formed from losing e- (+)? cation
What is a species formed from gaining e-? anion
What molecules differ in the amount of neutrons isotopes
bonding electrons are: between atoms
nonbonding electrons are: not between atoms
one pair of electrons= sigma bond
A triple bond has three pairs of electrons which means it has: 1 sigma bond & 2 pi bonds
These type of structures show bonds and nonbonding electrons: Lewis structures
These type of structures show bonds but not nonbonding electrons: Kekule
These type of structures do not have individual bonds: Condensed
These type of structures show bonds without specifications of C or H atoms: Skeletal
Difference between # of valence electrons an atom has when it is not bonded and number it owns when bonded formal charge
What is the formula to find formal charge? group # - (nonbonding + 1/2 bonding e-)
These have the same molecular formula but different in way atoms are attached isomers
These look different in terms of double bond positions and charge but have the same # of atoms and electrons resonance structures
These orbitals are on the same atom and interact with each other atomic
These orbitals interact but are on different atoms molecular
This is the process of mixing orbitals to create new hybrid orbital hybridization
This is the average distance between centers of two bonded nuclei: bond length
Bond length ______ across a row & ______ down a column: decreases, increases
This is the angle b/w bonds of an atom: bond angle
This is the strength in a chemical bond that holds two atoms together: bond strength
This is the measure of atom's attraction between atoms in a bond: electronegativity
What is the most electronegative atom? Fluorine (F)
These have about the same electronegativity nonpolar covalent bonds
These differ in electronegativity polar covalent bonds
The magnitude of change on either atom times the change on the atom: dipole moment
This is a substance that can donate an H+ Bronsted- Lowry acid
This is a substance that can accept an H+ Bronsted-Lowry base
This is a compound that can react as an acid or base Amphoteric
This is the tendency of an acid to donate an H+ acid strength
Which order is the following in in terms of acidity: wine, coffee, milk, borax strongest acid to strongest base
HCL & H2SO4 are: common acids
NaOH, NaH, and NaOCH2CH3 are: common bases
This is a substance that can accept an e- pair: Lewis acid
This is a substance that can donate an e- pair: Lewis base
This is a substance that dissociates in water to give H3O+ Arrhenius acid
This is a substance that dissociates in water to give OH- Arrhenius base
This is an atom or group of atoms w/ characteristic chemical & physical properties functional group
These are atoms other than C & H heteroatoms
Forces between molecules are: intermolecular forces
These are strong electrostatic forces b/w oppositely charged particles: ion-ion interactions
These are forces b/w non-polar molecules: Van der Waals Forces (London dispersion forces)
These are forces b/w polar molecules: dipole-dipole interactions
These are forces b/w an H attached to a N, O, or F with a N, O, or F of another molecule: Hydrogen bonding
This functional group includes an organic compound attached to a halogen atom alkyl halide
This functional group includes an organic compound attached to an OH alcohol
This functional group includes two organic compounds attached to an O ether
This functional group has 1 organic compound and two hydrogens attached to a nitrogen primary amine
This functional group has two organic compounds and 1 hydrogen attached to a nitrogen atom secondary amine
This functional group has three organic compounds attached to a nitrogen atom tertiary amine
This functional group has 1 organic compound and a hydrogen attached to a sulfur atom thiol
This functional group has two organic compounds attached to a sulfur atom sulfide
This functional group has a carbon/oxygen double bond with the carbon attached to a hydrogen aldehyde
This functional group has two organic compounds and a carbon/oxygen double bond ketone
This functional group has an OH attached to a carbon/oxygen double bond carboxylic acid
This functional group has a carbon/oxygen double bond attached to an oxygen compound ester
Which functional group has carbon/oxygen double bonds, amines or amides? amides
This amide has two hydrogen bonds connected to a nitrogen atom primary amide
This amide has one hydrogen and one organic compound attached to a nitrogen secondary amide
This amide has two organic compounds attached to a nitrogen tertiary amide
This functional group has a carbon/nitrogen triple bond nitrile
Created by: tparker31