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Chem CH18

Chemistry CH18 Organic Chemistry

alkaline a saturated hydrocarbon that consists of only carbon and hydrogen atoms with single bonds between all the atoms
alkene a hydrocarbon in which one or more double bonds link carbon atoms
alkyne an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains a triple bond between two carbon atoms
aromatic hydrocarbon a compound that has a benzene ring or the type of bonding exhibited by benzene; most have distinct odors
cracking the use of a catalyst or high temperatures in the absence of air to break down or rearrange large hydrocarbons
fractional distillation the distillation of a mixture by the use of repeated vaporization-condensation cycles to increase the efficiency of separation
isomer a compound with a structure different from another compound with the same formula
monomer the individual, small units that make up a polymer
polymer a large molecule that is made up of many smaller repeating units
reforming the use of heat, pressure, and catalysts to convert large alkanes into other compounds, often aromatic hydrocarbons
saturated hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon with all the carbon atoms connected to each other by single bonds
unsaturated hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon that has one or more double or triple bonds between carbon atoms