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# mat 129

### unit 1 exam

Question | Answer |
---|---|

a letter that represents various numbers _____ | Variable |

A number on its own, or sometimes a letter that stands for a fixed number ____ | Constant |

Divide by 0? | n/o |

zero divide by something else? | o/k |

if divided by zero the answer is? | undefined |

two numbers whose products is 1 are called ____ | reciprocals |

five spots to the left of the decimal? | ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousands |

four spots to the right of the decimal? | tenths, hundredths, thousandths, ten thousandths |

medication solution | larger-smaller/(divided by) starting value |

what are the 5 med stages? | 1.ordering/prescribing 2. transcribing and verifying 3.dispensing and delivering 4.administering 5. monitoring and reporting |

the 6 rights of medication administration are? | 1.person 2.medication 3.dose 4.time 5.route 6.documentation |

a ___ is a chemical substance that acts on the physiological processes in the human body. | drug |

only ___ medication tabs/caps can be cut in half? | scored |

an ___ is an alcohol solution | elixir |

a ___ is a medication dissolved in a sugar and water solution. | syrup |

a ___ consists of an insoluble drug in a liquid base. | suspension |

schedule __ drugs have the highest potential for abuse. | I |

schedule ___ drugs are the those with the lowest potential for abuse. | v |

5^6×5^2 you do what with the exponents. | Add them 6+2 |

6^5/6^3 you do what with exponents | Minus 5-3 |

(2^2)^4 you do what with the exponents | Times 2×4=8 |

(8×10^5)÷(4×10^2) is? | 2×10^3 |

Epidural | Spine |

Intramuscular | Muscle |

Subcut | Subcutaneous tissue |

Iv | Intravenous vein |

Id | Intradermal beneath the skin |

Ic | Cardiac muscle |

Distance (d)= | Rt (rate x time) |

Quotient of, per ratio of, divisor, percent, split up is all words for | Division |

Is, are, were, was, will be, yields, sold for, is all words for | Equals |

The quantity of, twice the sum of, times the sum of, times the difference, plus the difference of, are all words for | Parenthesis words |

The product of 5 and a number | 5x |

Twice a number | 2x |

A number decreased by 3 | X-3 |

A number increased by 2 | X+2 |

The quotient of 4 and x | 4/x |

Three times the sum of a number and 7 | 3(x+7) |

Rational numbers | End |

Irrational numbers | Go on forever |

Integers | All whole numbers |

Whole numbers | 0 and all whole positive numbers |

Natural | All positive whole numbers (no 0) |

-1^2 | -1 |

(-1)^2 | 1 |

Reciprocal always make the number equal | 1 |

Reciprocal of -8 is | -1/8 |

Reciprocal of -4.7 is | -10/47 |

Of means | Multiply |

Is means | Equal |

What or some equivalent is | The unknown number |

Fraction of change | Change/ orginal |

Percent of increases | Amount of increase/ original amount |

Percent of decrease | Amount of decrease/ original amount |

The ___ name of a drug is the offical accepted name of a drug listed in the usp | Generic |

The ___ of a drug indicates the amount of drug in a specific unit of measurement | Dosage strength |

Each drug has a unique identification number regulated by the food and drug administration this number is called | National drug code ndc number |

___ letters are uppercase letters used in a drug name to highlight the primary dissimilarities with look alike drug names | Tallman |

Medications are manufactured in the ____ of tablets, capsules, liquids, suppositories, creams, patches, and injectable medications | Form |

The ___ indicates the site of the body and method of drug delivery. | Route |

___ tablets are meant to dissolve in the intestine rather than stomach and should be swallowed whole | Enteric coated |

A ___ is a gelatin case containing a medication. | Capsule |

Liquid medications can also be administered __ into the gi tract via a specially placed tube | Enterally |

___ into the spinal column or space under the arachnoid membrane of the brain or spinal cord | Intrathecal |

___ are those that are administered through the skin or mucous membrane | Cutaneous medication |

__ on the skin surface | Topical |

___ in a patch or disk applied to the skin | Transdermal |

___ breathed into respiratory tract through nose or mouth | Inhalation |

___ applied to the mucosa of the eyes nose ears or mouth | Solutions and ointments |

___ shaped for insertion into a body cavity | Suppositories |

__ medications are those for which an early or late administration of greater than 30 minutes might cause harm | Time critical |

___ medications are those for which a longer or shorter interval of time since the prior dose does not significantly change the medications therapeutic effect or otherwise cause harm | Non time critical |

Gt | Gastronomy tube |

Iv | Intravenous |

Ivp | Intravenous push |

Ivpb | Intravenous piggy back |

Ngt | Nasogastric tube |

Peg | Percutaneous endoscopicgastrostomy |

Po | By mouth |

Pr | By rectum |

Sl | Sublingual |

Subcut | Subcutaneous |

Supp | Suppository |

Ac | Before meals |

Ad lib | As desired |

B.i.d | 2x a day |

H, hr | Hour |

Hs | Bedtime |

Pc | After meals |

Prn | As necessary |

Q | Every hr |

Q2h | Every 2 hrs |

Q.i.d | 4x a day |

Stat | Immediately |

T.i.d | 3x day |

C | With |

Cr | Controlled release |

Cap | Capsule |

D.a.w | Dispense as written |

Dr | Delayed release |

Er | Extended release |

G | Gram |

Gr | Grain |

Gtt | Drop |

Kg | Kilogram |

L | Liter |

La | Long acting |

Mcg | Microgram |

Mg | Miligram |

ML | Mililiters |

Nkda | No known drug allergies |

Npo | Nothing by mouth |

S | Without |

Sig | Directions to patient |

Susp | Suspension |

Sr | Sustained release |

t or tsp | Teaspoon |

T or tbs | Tablespoon |

Tab | Tablet |

Xl or xr | Extended release |

12in = __ft | 1 ft |

1yd = __ ft | 3 ft |

5,280ft= __ mi | 1 mile |

1ml= ___ mcgtt | 60 |

1tsp= ____ drops (gtt) | 60 |

1fl oz= ___ tbsp | 2 tbsp |

8fl oz = __ pt | 1 pt |

1pt= ___ cups | 2 cups |

1 cup= ___ oz | 8 oz |

1 qt= __ pt | 2 pt |

1 gal= ____ qt | 4 |

1qt= ___ fl oz | 32 |

1 gal= __ fl oz | 128 |

1 tbsp = __ tsp | 3 |

1 lb= __ oz | 16 |

1 ton= ___ lb | 2000 |

1 in = ___ cm | 2.54 |

1yd= ___ km | .91km |

1 mile= __ km | 1.61 |

1L is ___ qt | 1.06 |

1 fl oz = ___ ml | 30 ml |

1kg = ____ lb | 2.2 lb |

A^0= | 1 |

7^0= | 1h |

No - exponents must be | Rewritten |

M^-3 = | 1/m^3 |

(-3)^-2= | 1/ (-3)^2 |

1km = M? | 1000m |

1 cc or cm^3 = ml? | 1 ml |

1000ml= L? | 1L |

1kg = g? | 1000 g |

1g= mg? | 1000 mg |

1mg= mcg? | 1000 mcg |

1 tsp= ml? | 5 ml |

1cm= mm? | 10 mm |

size of pt x order = | dose |

F = | ((C x 9) / 5)) + 32 or (9/5) C) + 32 |

C = | ((F-32) x 5) / 9 or (5/9) (F-32) |

the screw top needle is called a? | luer lock |

if there is 4 small between whole numbers such as a .5ML syringe the size is s | 1/5 or .2 |

when there is 10 lines between whole numbers such as a 1ML syringe the size is | 1/100 or .01 |

tuberculin syringes come in what sizes? | .5, 1, 3 |

when there is 20 lines between whole numbers such as a 3ML the size is? | 1/10 or .1 |

syringe sizes are | 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 60 |

insulin is always represented as | units |

100 units is | 1 ml |

insulin syringes has even on side and odd on side? | opposite sides |

The ____ is the solid or liquid to be dissolved or diluted. | solute |

The ____ or ____ is the liquid that dissolves the solid solute or dilutes the liquid solute. | solvent or diluent |

The ____ is the liquid resulting from the combination of the solute and solvent | solution |

__ + ___ = solution | solute + solvent |

1 part solute in 2 parts solution as a ratio, fraction, and percent? | 1:2, 1/2, 50% |

1 part solute in 5 part solution as a ratio, fraction, and percent? | 1:5, 1/5, 20% |

strength= | solute/ solution |

wet solutes are normally? | ML |

dry solutes are normally? | grams |

5% potassium solution in 100ML is written as | 5g/ 100 ML |

250ml of 1/2% lysol | .5ml/100ml and x/250ml = 100x=125 answer 1.25ml |

20% mannitol want 2g of solution | 2g x 100ml/20g = 200ml/20 = 10ml mannitol |

An ____ is a glass container that holds a single dose of medication | Ampule |

A ___ is a glass or plastic container that has a rubber membrane on top | Vial |

Before some medications can be administered the powder (solute) must be diluted with a liquid (solvent or diluent) this process is called | Reconstitution |

4 steps to reconstitute | 1. Inject the amount of diluent of air into sterile water 2. Flip bottle and withdrawl sterile water 3. Flip bottle Inject sterile water into medication 4. Flip bottle draw what's needed for order |

Whats proper labeling for reconsituted vial (5) | 1. Date and time 2. Strength of solution 3. Date and time of expiration 4. Storage directions 5. Initials |

Heparin is always measured in | Units |

Heparin is what kinda drug | Blood thinner |

Heparin is a high alert drug so you always | Round down |

Orders for enternal feedings always indicate a volume of fluid to be infused over a period of time this is called a | Flow rate |

Infusion rates are always in | Gtt/min or ml/hr |

.9% nacl is | Normal saline (ns) |

.45% nacl is | Half normal saline |

.225% nacl is | Quarter normal saline |

D5w, d5/w, 5% dw, all is | 5g Of dextrose in 100ml water |

.9% nacl is | 9g in 100ml |

5% d/0.45% nacl is | 5g dextrose and .45g nacl in 100ml solution |

Manufacturers specify the number of drops that equal 1ml for their tubing this is called | Drop factor |

Flow rate= | Volume (ml) /time (h) |

Drops always get rounded to | Whole numbers |

.9% nacl 500ml iv at 125 ml/h how long will it take | 500ml. 1h/125ml = 500/125 = 4 hrs |

___ is the amount of fluid that enters the body | Fluid intake |

____ is the amount of fluid that leaves the body | Fluid output |

Dosage rate = | Drug (mg)/ time (min) |

___ provides continuous fluid to the pt | Primary iv line |

___ can be attached to primary lines at injection ports | Secondary iv line |

Volume = | Ml/ Drug (mg) |

1u= | 1000mu |

____ the process of adjusting the dosage of a medication based on pt response | Titration |

daily fluid maintenance formula for peds is | 1st 10kg 100ml/kg 2nd 10kg 50ml/kg 3rd 20kg+ 20ml/kg |

determine the 24 hr fluid requirement for 15kg peds pt | 1250 |

determine the 24 hr fluid requirement for 35kg ped pt | 1800 |

1:2 solution mixture how much pure solute will you have? | 100ml solution 1ml solute/ 2ml solution = 50 ml solute |

want 5% pink solution how much pure solute will you have? | 100ml solution 5ml solute/ 100ml solution = 5 ml solute |

For peds u always | Round down |

We do not mix peds medication in | Essential foods or fluids |

An order requires 80mg of drug im stat. Vial has 3 strengths after reconsitution (10mg/ml, 20mg/ml, 40mg/ml) determine required volume. Which is appropriate | 80mg 1ml/10mg= 8ml 20mg=4ml 40mg=2ml so 40mg/ml is appropriate b/c it has lowest ml |

Heparin 4,000 units subcut q12h. Drug label 5,000 per ml. How many ml? In what ml syringe? | 4,000u 1ml/5,000u = .8ml Use 1ml syringe |

D5w 125ml/h for 8h. Whats the solution? Rate of flow? Duration? | S= 5% dextrose solution Rof= 125ml/h D=8 hrs |

1ml= __ mcgtt | 60 |

Ns 600ml iv infuse 5hrs stat. Pump setting? | 600ml/5h = 120ml/h |

Ns 600ml iv infuse 5hr stat. 120ml/h. 2 hrs later 330ml is left in bag recalculate pump. | 330ml/3h = 110ml/h |

Ns 600ml iv infuse 5hr stat. 120ml/h. 2 hrs later 330ml is left in bag recalculate pump to 110ml/h. Can not exceed 20% difference per facility. Can this be made? | (120-110)/120 = 10/120 = .083x100 = 8.3% so yes! |

For every 100ml of urine output, replace with 40ml water. Pt output is 300ml. What is replacement volume? | 300ml (out) 40ml(in)/100ml(out) = 120ml(in) |

A secondary line is referred to as a | Piggyback or ivpb |

Cimetidine 300mg ivpb q6h in 50ml ns infuse 20 min. What iv rate ml/min | 50ml/20min = 2.5ml/min |

Heparin 1,250 units/hr. Label= 100u/ml. What is infusion rate | 1250u/hr 1ml/100u = 1250/100 = 12.5ml/hr |

For diluenting medication what are the steps? | 1. Calculate amount of drug (mlL 2. Add to w.e were diluting with 3. Find iv drop rate. |

.15mg/kg pt=22kg vial=2mg/1ml. Give 1.65ml. Directions state to dilute in 50ml d5w and infuse in 15min. Df=10gtt/ml. What is the total liquid amount before infusion? | 51.65ml |

2.5mg/kg iv q12h infuse in 40ml d5w over 1h. Label=20mg/ml. Pt=26kg. Amount of medication is 65mg. What is iv pump in ml/h? | 65mg 1ml/20mg = 65/20 = 3.25ml + 40ml d5w = 43.25ml/hr |

children's daily maintenance 10kg x = 10kg x = 20+ x = | 100, 50, 20 |

insulin half life is 13 minutes. PT is to receive 50ml in .9% NS. The strength is 2 units/ML. How many units is the pt receiving and whats the first 2 lines. | 50ml 2u/1ml = 100u line 1 0hr-100u 13min-50u |

4(2x+3y)-2(4x-5y) = | 22y |

10= z/4 | times by 4... z/4 x 4 (4 cross out just left with z) 10 x 4 = 40. z=40 |

is the equation equals out then it has a | solution. |

solutions for equations are all | real numbers |

if the equation does not = ex: -6 = 0. then the answer is | no solution |

< or ( ) is | open/ does not include the number |

<_ (arrow with line under it) or [ ] means | it includes number |

>3 | number is smaller than 3 |

<3 | 3 is the bigger number |

if you divide by a - in an inequality then you flip | the > sign |

-2x < 6 is | x> -3 |

x+5>9 is | x>4 |

x-3<4 is | x < 7 |

for graphing you count quads left down right. like a | C 1, 2, 3, 4 |

quad one is | (+, +) |

quad 2 is | ( -, + ) |

quad 3 is | (-, - ) |

quad 4 is | (+, - ) |

pairs (3,7) and (0,1) y=2x+1 | 1st point is (3,7) second point is ( 0, 1). ex. 2 (3) + 1 =7 |

for y intercept y= | mx+b |

y intercept is | (0,b) |

x intercept is | (a, 0) |

y axis is | up and down (vertical) |

x axis is | across (horizontal) |

the __is the difference of the y-values of two points on a line | rise |

the ___ is the difference in the x-values of two points on a line | run |

the ___ of a line is the ratio of rise to run for any two points on the line. | slope |

slope= | rise/run or change in y/ change and x |

zero slope is | flat horizontal y=b |

undefined slope is | straight vertical x=a |

to find the slope when given 2 points the equation is | y2-y2/ x2-x1 |

the m in y=mx+b is the | slope |

the b in the y=mx+b is the | y intercept |

to find the equation of the line the equation is | y-y1=m(x-x1) |

to make an equation from 2 points you do | 1. y2-y1/x2-x1 and then y-y1=m(x-x1) |