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Energy Types

Potential and Kinetic Energy Types

Kinetic Energy Energy in motion (or energy being used)
Potential Energy Stored Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy Stored energy due to position (increasing height or mass increases GPE) (example: a roller coaster at the top of a hill)
Thermal Energy Kinetic Energy - also called heat energy. Molecules are moving faster as thermal energy increases (example: heat from a fire)
Motion Energy (mechanical Energy) Kinetic Energy of physical movement - Increasing speed or mass increases KE (a roller coaster rolling down a hill)
Electric Energy (current) Kinetic energy - movement of electrons (electricity running to power your TV)
Light Energy (radiant energy) Kinetic Energy - movement of electromagnetic waves (light from a light bulb or the sun)
Chemical Energy Potential Energy - stored in bonds of molecules (examples: food, gasoline)
Sound Energy Kinetic Energy - molecules moving as sound waves (example: cheering at a football game)
Nuclear Energy Potential Energy - energy stored in the nucleus of an atom (Example: hydrogen in a hydrogen bomb)
Electric Energy (Static) Potential Energy - energy stored in a buildup of electric charge in an object (Example: shuffling your socks across carpet)
Elastic Energy Potential Energy - energy stored in a compressed or stretched object (example: a stretched out rubber band or a smashed sponge)
Conservation of Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only rearranged
Created by: vahajuddin