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Fatula Vocab.

termDefinition
Exposition- The essential background information at the beginning of a literary work (The beginning)
Rising action- the development of conflict and complications in a literary work (where most of the drama starts in a book)
Climax- the turning point in a literary work (the big bang, big reveler,etc.)
Falling action- results or effects of the climax of a literary work (all the drama starts to stop)
Resolution/denouement- end of a literary work when loose ends are tied up and questions are answered (The end)
Antagonist- character that is the source of conflict in a literary work (usually the bad guy in a book or work of literature)
Character- the person in a work of fiction. (someone/something in the book that has a part to play)
Developing - dynamic, many sided personalities that change, for better or worse, by the end of the story. (may loose or gain a trait)
Plot- The sequence of events in a literary work (the gingerbread man is an example that has plot in it. Most stories have plot)
Static- Stereotype, have one or two characteristics that never change and are emphasized e.g. brilliant detective, drunk, scrooge, cruel stepmother, etc. (Harry Potter never stopped being brave throughout his books)
Characterization- The manner in which an author develops characters and their personalities (telling the audience about a character)
Direct characterization- The author literally tells the audience what a character is like. This may be done via the narrator, another character or by the character him- or herself. (telling the audience a trait. "He was a funny guy" is an example)
Indirect characterization- characterization-The audience must induce for themselves what the character is like through the character’s thoughts, actions, speech, looks and interaction with other characters. (not literally telling about the character but still telling/describing)
Conflict- struggle between two or more opposing forces (person vs. person; nature; society; self;fate/God) (a lot of literary pieces have conflicts to create more excitement)
External conflict- A struggle with a force outside one's self (some people can have conflicts with others; someone may fight with others if they have very different personalities)
Internal conflict- A struggle within one's self; a person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper, resist an urge, etc. (some people fight with themselves over religion)
Man vs. Man (physical)- The leading character struggles with his physical strength against other men, forces of nature, or animals. (person vs. person)
Man vs. Circumstances (classical)- The leading character struggles against fate, or the circumstances of life facing him/her. (person vs situation)
Man vs. Society (social)- The leading character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of other people. (a man gets kicked out of a town for murder)
Man vs. Himself/Herself (psychological)- The leading character struggles with himself/herself; with his/her own soul, ideas of right or wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc. (man cant decide what to eat for dinner)
Dialogue- direct speech between characters in a literary work (most pieces of literature have characters speaking to each other)
Flashback- the method of returning to an earlier point in time for the purpose of making the present clearer (can also be called a memory)
Mood- mood is an emotional state you feel while reading a book ex. the puppy died. you feel sad also, tone is what your feelings or your attitude is about a piece of writing mood is how the writer feels (tones decide how a story is making a character feel)
Foreshadowing- hint of what is to come in a literary work (guessing the future)
Point of view- the vantage point or perspective from which a literary work is told. 1 st person point of view- the narrator is a character in the story (use of ‘I’). 3 rd person point of view- the narrator is outside of the story (use of ‘he’ ‘she’ ‘they’)
Protagonist- the main character in a literary work (the main character is usually the protagonist )
Setting- The time and place of a literary work (there is almost always a setting in a book)
Place- geographical location.  Where is the action of the story taking place? (there isnt always an exact location in a story)
Time- When is the story taking place? (historical period, time of day, year, etc) (there isnt always an exact time in a story)
Weather conditions- Is it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc? (most of the time weather conditions are included in stories)
Social conditions- What is the daily life of the characters like? Does the story contain local color (writing that focuses on the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place)? (social conditions can show how friendly a character is)
Mood or atmosphere- What feeling is created at the beginning of the story?  Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening? (a lot of stories have very different moods throughout the story)
Suspense- technique that keeps the reader guessing what will happen next (this keeps the reader hooked)
Symbol/symbolism- one thing (object, person, place) used to represent something else (a rainbow can represent homosexuals)
Theme- the underlying main idea of a literary work. Theme differs from the subject of a literary work in that it involves a statement or opinion about the subject. (usually teaches a lesson from the story)
Tone- the author’s attitude toward the subject of a work. (if an author doesn't have good tone their work will most likely not be as good as someone else's)
Created by: _Undertale_
 

 



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