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Unit 4

Journey's Test

compare ways in which 2 or more things are alike
contrast ways in which 2 or more things are different
point of view an author's opinion or beliefs about a topic
main idea the central idea the author is trying to convey about a topic
author's purpose Author's reason for writing
geo Earth
chron time
hydro/hydra/hydr water
graph write
opt eye
tele distance
therm heat
principal parts one of the 4 basic verbs
present participle principal verb part formed by adding -ing to the verb and used with the helping verb "to be"
past participle principal verb part formed the same as the past tense of the verb and used with the helping verbs "to have" and "to be"
fact statements that can be proven true
opinion statements that express beliefs or feelings and cannot be proven true
figurative language words that have meanings beyond their dictionary definitions
hyperbole figurative language that makes an extreme exaggeration
personification assigning human traits to non-human objects
text structure the way ideas are organized in a text
word families words that share the same word root or base
base word a word to which affixes are added
affix a word part that is attached to a root to form new words; a prefix or suffix
root a word part coming from Greek or Latin that has meaning but cannot stand alone
demonstrative pronoun refers to something specific (this, that, these)
indefinite pronoun refers to something not definite (all, another, none)
interrogative pronoun asks a question (who, what, whose)
reflexive pronoun end in "-self" or "-selves" and refer back to the subject of the sentence
intensive pronoun end in "-self" or "-selves" and appear after a noun or pronoun
story structure the way the setting, plot, and characters are brought together to create a story
mood the feelings or atmosphere created in a story by the author's words
setting where and when the story takes place
infer to guess based on evidence
predict to tell in advance
suffixes added to the end of a root word
adjective modifies or describes nouns and pronouns
adverb modifies or describes verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
article a, an, or the used to introduce nouns
demonstrative adjective show where something is (this, that, these, those) "this book", "these sneakers"
indefinite article a/an that refer to any person, place, or thing
proper adjective refers to a specific person, place or thing; starts with a capital letter
bio life
cosm universe
cycl circle
ethno race
auto self
photo light
path feeling
appositive word or phrase that tells more about a noun
nonrestrictive elements nonessential information set off by commas
parenthetical elements expressions that explain a word or phrase and are set off by parenthesis or dashes
events episodes in history that contain historical info
elaborate to add details or give more information
prefix attached to the beginning of a word
preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words
object of the preposition the noun that a preposition introduces
prepositional phrases the preposition, its object, and related words
adjective phrase prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun
adverb phrase prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, or other verb
Created by: shelly_spangler



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