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Medicinal Chemistry

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QuestionAnswer
disease a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury
medicine the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease
pharmacology the branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
pharmaceutical relating to medicinal drugs, or their preparation, use, or sale
pharmacist a person who is professionally qualified to prepare and dispense medicinal drugs
macromolecule large molecule
enzyme a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction
protein any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues
carbohydrate any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be broken down to release energy in the body
immune system he body's defense against infectious organisms and other invaders
drug a medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body
pathogen a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
hydrophobic tending to repel or fail to mix with water
solvate a more or less loosely bonded complex formed between a solvent and a dissolved species.
Pharmacokinetic the study of how the organism affects the drug
Pharmacodynamic is the study of how a drug affects an organism
Created by: sarahbrundage