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English

The words you should use!

TermDefinition
Hamartia Fatal flaw or error
Peripeteia Reversal of fortunes
Anagnorisis Moment of critical discovery (A character becomes aware of the full extent of their downfall
Enjambment When a sentence or phrase runs over from one line or stanza to the next
Colloquial Sounding like everyday language
Caesura (plural Caesurae) A pause in a line of poetry
Blank verse Poetry written in iambic pentameter that doesn't rhyme
Ambiguity When a word or phrase has two or more possible meanings
Assonance When words share the same vowel sound but their consonants are different
Consonance Repetition of a consonant sound in nearby words e.g "nuMe as a sMashed arM
Dramatic monologue A form of poetry that uses the assumed voice of a single speaker who is not the poet to address an implied audience e.g "My Last Dutchess"
End-stopping Finishing a line of poetry with the end of a phrase or sentence
Euphemism An indirect word or phrase used instead of something upsetting or offensive or to a conceal meaning
Free Verse Poetry that doesn't rhyme and has no regular rhyme or line length
Half-rhymes Words that have a similar but not identical end sound e.g "Crisp" and "Grasp"
Homonyms Words that are spelt and pronounced the same, but have different meanings e.g "tissue"
Iambic Pentameter Poetry with a metre of 10 syllables- 5 stressed and 5 unstressed. The stress falls on every 2nd syllable e.g "that's My last DUCHess PAINTed ON the WALL"
Iambic Tetrameter Metre of 8 syllables- 4 stressed 4 unstressed e.g "but MOST through MIDnight STREETS i HEAR"
Imagery Language that creates a picture in your mind. It includes metaphors, similes and personification
in medias res When a narrative starts in the middle of action E.g "Bayonet Charge"
Internal Rhyme When 2 or more words in the same line rhyme e.g "TEARS between the bath and pre-lunch BEARS"
Irony When words are used to imply the opposite of what normally mean. It can also mean when there is a difference between what people expect and what actually happens
Juxtaposition When a poet puts 2 ideas, events, characters or description close to each other to encourage the reader to contrast them
Metre Arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables to create rhythm in a line poetry
Monologue One person speaking for a long period of time
Narrative Writing that tells a story
Onomatopoeia A word that sounds like the thing the thing it's describing e.g "Ramble" and "jingle" in Exposure
Oral Poetry Poetry that is intended to be spoken aloud rather than read
Oxymoron A phrase which appears to contradict itself
Personification Describing an non living thing as if it has human qualities and feeling or behaves in a human way E.g "My city Hides behind me"
Petrarchan Sonnet A form of sonnet in which the first 8 lines have a regular rhyme scheme ABBA rhyme and introduce a problem , while the final 6 lines have a different have a different rhyme scheme and solve the problem
Phonetic Spellings When words are spelt as they sound rather than with their usual spelling "Dem" instead of "Them". It's often to show that someone is speaking with a certain accent or dialect
Plosive A short of sound made when you say word containing the letters
What does A01 Assess? Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas. Select and synthesise evidence from different texts
What does A02 Asses? Explain, comment on and analyse how the different writers use language and structure to achieve effects and influence readers, using relevant subject terminology to support their views.
Exposition Introduces the setting and main characters.
What does A04 Assess? Evaluate texts critically and support this with appropriate textual references
Rising Action A series of events to keep the reader interested
Climax The main character comes face to face with a problem. They have a choice to make
Falling Action The problem unravels and the hero wins or loses
Denouement The fallout from the way the characters deal with the climax
What does A05 Assess? (1) Communicate clearly, effectively and imaginatively, selecting and adapting tone, style and register for different forms purposes and audiences Organise information and ideas, using structural and
What does A05 Assess? (2) Organise information and ideas, using structural and grammatical features to support coherence and cohesion of texts
What does A06 Assess? Use a range of vocabulary and sentence structures for clarity, purpose and effect, with accurate spelling and punctuation
Created by: Shahed-02