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building struc & too

The part of a building that the load(weight) rests on for support. Found on/in the ground. Foundation
Built only a few feet into the soil to provide support of average sized buildings -single family homes, town houses -made from concrete and rebar (metal) Shallow Foundation
Deep Foundation Built several feet or miles into the ground to provide much needed support to large, massive structures - Skyscrapers, hospitals or mega-malls -Reinforced concrete and steel grid patterns for support
Flooring Provides support to the lower portion of the "story". Usually the "finished product" is made from tile, hard wood or carpeting (decorative)
A flat surface that supports the weight of the walls, railings, furniture, sheds or human interaction. -Usually uncovered and outside the structure. Decking
Found inside the structure and give support to the upper floor and roof. -Made from wood/insulated/ dry walled and painted to make finished product Structural Walls
Found outside the home and provide protection against "conditions"--> critters and weather External Walls
A roof built to form a triangle with the walls. Cold, Snowy areas have this to force ice and snow off to the ground during the winter. Pitched Roof
Material that blocks heat transfer between the air inside and outside a building Insulation
a wall built up from low ground to hold the higher ground in place Retaining wall
material used to build or replace a floor Flooring
a cutting tool with a thin, long, flexible blade usually mounted onto a table. They are used to cut materials into irregular shapes Band saw
a tool used for making holes in hard materials...usually mounted to a table. Drill press
a hand tool for driving screws Screwdriver
a simple machine that consists of an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder Screw
a hand tool which the front knob is used to drive nails into wood. And the back claw is used to pull nails out of wood. claw hammer
an edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge used to chip away pieces of a hard surface like marble or stone Chisel
tool that has liquid with a trapped air bubble in the center. used to show if the structure it is placed on is built evenly Level
a saw used with one hand for cutting wood Handsaw
a hand tool used for gripping or bending objects Pliers
a hand tool that is used to hold or twist a nut or bolt Wrench
a tool that can be used to measure lengths and distances on a worksite Measuring tape
a fastener made by screwing a nut onto a threaded bolt. Nut and Bolt
Place where the signal is sent from or where the information begins.....example--> you speaking into your cell phone Source
A device that converts a signal into a code ex the device in your cell phone that changes your voice signal into an electric code Encoder
A device that receives the code from the encoder and sends it back out ex cell phone tower Transmitter
a device that takes in the signal transmitted by the transmitter. there is a section of your cell phone that receives the signal from the transmitter Receiver
a device that changes incoming code into useful information The person you sent the signal to--their phone decodes in incoming signal Decoder
The end point of your communication your friend answers his phone and you talk Destination
any type of communication that encodes a message into an electrical code signal
Created by: hdambrosio



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