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Solutions Vocab

Colloid A mixture with medium sized particles that do not settle out; generally uniform appearance
Concentrated Describes a solution that contains a relatively large amount of solute
Dilute Describes a solution that contains a relatively small amount of solute
Immiscible Describes liquids that do not dissolve in each other (ex. oil and water)
Insoluble "does not dissolve"
Miscible Describes liquids that dissolve in each other (ex. alcohol and water)
Precipitate An insoluble solid material that is produced in double replacement reactions; it settles to the bottom of the container upon standing
Saturated A solution that contains the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent at a particular temperature
Solubility The maximum amount of a solute that dissolves in a given amount of solvent at a particular temperature; produces a saturated solution
Soluble "dissolves"
Solute The dissolved particles in a solution (ex. sugar); present in the smaller amount
Solution A homogeneous mixture with very small particles that do not settle out of the solution; composed of a solute and a solvent
Solvation The process that occurs when an ionic solid dissolves; the ions are pulled apart and surrounded by solvent molecules
Solvent The dissolving medium in a solution (ex. water); present in the larger amount
Supersaturated A solution that contains more solute than it can theoretically hold at a particular temperature; unstable; excess solute will crystallize out if a "seed crystal" is added
Suspension A heterogeneous mixture with large particles that settle out upon standing
Tyndall Effect Scattering of light by particles in a colloid or suspension, which causes the beam of light to become visible
Unsaturated A solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution at a particular temperature
Created by: msbaker