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poetry terms

Acrostic A poem organised by the intitial letters of a key word.
Alliteration A phrase or nearby words begin with the same sound.
Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds.
Ballad A poem or song which tells a story.
Blank verse A poem with rhythm and metre but no rhyme.
Calligram A poem where the formation of the letters represents an aspect of the poems theme.
Cinquain A poem containing 22 syllables on 5 lines.
Clerihew A four-line comic verse with two rhyming couplets. The first line is the name of the person.
Concrete poem A poem in which the layout of the words represents an aspect of the subject.
Couplet Two consecutive lines of poetry which are paired in length and rhyme.
Elegy A poem usually for someone or something that has died.
Epic A poem about the adventures of a heroic figure.
Free Verse A poem without patterns of rhythm or rhyme.
Haiku A Japanese form of poetry with 3 lines, 17 syllables.
Half-rhyme Words which almost rhyme.
Internal rhyme Words that rhyme within the lines of a poem.
Jingle A short verse or rhyme often used in advertising.
Kenning A poem written as list of characters of the subject without naming it.
Limerick A five-line comic verse following the rhyming scheme a,a,b,b,a.
Metaphor 'Imaginative substitution'. The writer describes something as if it were something else.
Narrative poem A poem that tells a story.
Ode Lyric poem usually addresed directly to the subject and written in second person.
Onomatopoeia Words which echo the sounds of their words meaning. Examples of this are "Crash, Bang, Cuckoo"
Personification A metaphor which attributes human characteristics to non- human subjects.
Poem A text which uses features such as rhythm, rhyme, syntax, vocabulary, alleteration, and other figurative lanuguage and techniques to convey ideas in an intesnse way.
Rap Oral poetry with a strong rhythm and rapid pace.
Renga A series of Haiku.
Repetition Repeated words or phrases for an effect on the reader.
Riddle A question of statment, often in rhyme, which is a puzzle.
Rhyme Words which have the same sound in their final syllable, are said to rhyme.
Shape poem A poem which is laid out to take the shape of the subject of the poem.
Simile The writer compares one thing to another using like or as.
Sonnet A poem of 14 lines which may follow any rhyming scheme.
Stanza A verse or set of lines of poetry, the pattern of which is repeated throughout the poem.
Tanka Japanese poem based upon a Haiku but whith two additional lines to give a complete picture.
Exact rhyme A type of rhyme with repeated end sound.
Slant rhyme An "almost" rhyme, usually created through assonance of consonance.
Identical rhyme A type of rhyme with repetition of the same word.
Internal rhyme Rhyme that occurs within one line.
Consonance Repeated consonant sounds within a series of words.
Created by: kjacobs



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