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Culture vocab GCSE

Spanish culture GCSE

The peninsula Spain is located on Iberian, surrounded by Mediterranean and Atlantic
Next in line to the throne Felipe,
Currency Euro
Unit of measure in Spain: metric
Cities in Spain: Toledo (1st capital), Madrid (current capital), Barcelona (2nd largest), Segovia, Valencia (3rd largest), Grenada, Sevilla, Leon, Malaga
and names of Gates in Spain: Puerta de Toledo and Puerta de Alcala (largest gate of the 4 gates total
City of Fuentes (fountains)is: Madrid
tapas are.... appetizers
flan is.... custard with coffee flavor on bottom/top (made with egg yolks)
Dinner is served 9 PM to 1 AM
Where does Chocolate come from?
Who discovered chocolate?
Cristobol Colon is... Christopher Columbus
Felipe II: short powerful king in Spanish, led military, feisty, and brought the capital from Toledo to Madrid, had 4 wives - 1 in England, 1 died of illness, 2nd wives children died during birth, the 4th and last wife died in childbirth
el Greco: the Greek, a painter from Toledo in the 1200's - used dark colors - well known landscape painting of "La vista de Toledo"
Picasso: Artist - abstract art,
Goya: Used his own blood in art, royal painter, "familia de Carlos 4th" - "Tres de Mayo" war painting well-known for Spain and France war; used his own blood in this painting
Velasquez: Royal painter who paints self into paintings, or a hanky painted in. "Las Meninas" famous, known as "ladies in waiting" the assistance would watch over royal daughter. Felipe 2nd commissioned him to help with Escorial
Cervantes: author. wrote "Don Quixote"
Las corridas are held: Sundays in Madrid
matador is... bullfighter (look up las ventas)
atocha estacion is.... Madrid train station; bombing occurred here with 24 deaths, has only well-known square clock
Puerta del Sol: shape of fan, major clock, center of Madrid, many fountains, 10 roads lead from it, protests held here, Puerta Ingles (Walmart), 0KM marker in the plaza. symbol is the arbol de oso (tree of bear)
Plaza Mayor: built by Felipe 2nd due to jealousy of Napolean; grand square; proclamations and executions, proposals, running of the bulls held here by past royals
Retiro Park: here and is the royal palace in Retiro Park. large park in Madrid, Built by Felipe 2nd; holds Palacio Cristal, built by Francisco for his wife, who never came to see it - made of iron and crystal - popular now for weddings
Palacio Real: Royal palace, last lived in by Carlos 4th; now used for meetings and gatherings - 300+ rooms
the Prado: largest museum in Spain and 2nd largest in the world. many paintings, 6 floors
Palacio de Communicaciones: major post office in Madrid
Templo de Debod: small structure in a reflecting pond, used for yoga and aerobics
Escorial: boarding school/summer school, took 20 years to build, 9 towers, 16 patios, 1200 doors, 2673 windows, 850 rooms; library and a Royal Crypt - royalty buried here
Valle de Caidos: Cross on hill - Franco had it built or is buried here - commemorates dead during the war
Gold Museum: makes and sells jewelry
Catedral: oldest and largest in Spain; main entrance has depiction of Last Supper; massive inside
Acuaducto: in Segovia - ancient way to bring water to the city; built with no cement by Romans
Alcazar: in Segovia - Disney castle model, boy fell out of window and died, nurse jumped out because of this
el Rastro: Supermarket in Madrid - large variety 9-2 sundays
los torres y el estadio new Madrid - Twin towers that slant toward each other, stadium, Real Madrid - soccer team
Mezquita in Cordoba Candy-cane arches fortress, made of marble
Alhambra in Granada red castle, Arabic in origin
Spanish inquisition: Ferdinand and Isabella ordered death of 150,000 jewish people; gave $ to Columbus after the 3rd time he asked.
Gran Via: major street in Madrid
estanque: man-made pool in el Retiro Park
Fuente de Cibeles: fountain located at front of post office
Corrida alas ventas: Running of the bulls from mid-march to mid-october
flamenco: famous dance of Spain, brought by the gypsies
Arabs brought to Spanish culture: math and Latin, and architecture (AL = Arabic architecture)
Created by: msayarh



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