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Cognates Mrs Sayarh

Cognates in Spanish

Spanish words that end in -a, -o or -e very often have an equivalent in English. Simply drop or change the last vowel. Example:lista/list. aire/air
aire
atleta
caso
causa
costo
creativo
dieta
drama
favorito
forma
guitarra
lista
mapa
medecina
mucho
parte
persona
positivo
rapido
uso
victima
visita
There are many Spanish cognates that end in -ción. The equivalent English word ends in -tion. Note that all of these words have the stress on the final syllable. Also, all of these words are feminine in gender.
la accion
la administracion
la admiracion
la animacion
Many Spanish words that end in -ma are irregular in that they are masculine in gender, even though they end in the usually feminine -a.
el sisteMA the system
el draMA
el idioMA
el probleMA
el diagraMA
el teMa
Words that end in -ary in English very often have a Spanish cognate that ends in -ario.
aniversario/diccionario/disciplinario/itinerario/literario/necesario/ordinario/vocabulario anniversary/dictionary/disciplinary
Words that in in -dad are quite common in Spanish. They usually correspond to an English word that ends in -ty. All of these words are feminine in gender. Example la autoriDADmeans authoriTY
la autoridad authority
la ciudad/la comunidad/la enfermedad/la formalidad/la necesitad/la personalidad/la prosperidad/la universudad/la velocidad
English words that end in -ic usually have a Spanish cognate that simply add an -o. Example atlantico means atlantic
democratico/didactico/automatico/scolastico/fantastico/gimnastico/linguitico/optimistico/pesimistico/romantico/sarcastico
English words than end in –ent often have a cognate in Spanish that ends in –ente. These are usually adjectives but sometimes also nouns. Example agente means agent
cliente/diferente/equivalente/indeferente/patente/potente/suficiente
Spanish words that end in –mente are usually the equivalent of –ly words in English – and usually adverbs. Example correctamente means correctly
afortunadamente/desafortunadamente/especialmente/generalmente/normalmente/naturalmente/oviamente/rapidamente/finalmente
Created by: msayarh