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RE Ch 4 Defs
Real Estate Definitions for Chapter 4
|If a single party owns the fee or life estate, the ownership is tenancy in severalty.
|Tenancy In Severalty
|Aka sole ownership, ownership in severalty, and estate in severalty; when a single party owns the fee or life estate.
|Tenancy In Common
|Aka estate in common; the most common form of co-ownership when the owners are not married.
|two or more persons collectively own a property as if they were a single person. Rights and interests are indivisible and equal.
|a legal avenue for an owner who wants to dispose of his or her interest against the wishes of other co-owners
|Tenancy By The Entireties
|a form of ownership reserved exclusively for husband and wife
|defines property rights of legal spouses before, during, and after their marriage, as well as after the death of either spouse
|owned at the time of the marriage, acquired by through inheritance or gift during the marriage, acquired with separate-property funds, income from separate property, by gift, settlements for personal injury, a written contract with the spouse
|all other property earned or acquired by either party during the marriage
|Tenancy In Partnership
|a form of ownership held by business partners that grants equal rights to all partners, but the property must be used in connection with the partnership's business. Individual rights are not assignable.
|aka grantor, trustor; transfers legal title to a fiduciary in an estate in trust
|holds and manages the estate for the benefit of another party
|allows the trustor, during his or her lifetime, to convey title to a trustee for the benefit of a third party
|structurally and mechanically the same as a living trust, except that it takes effect only when the trustor dies. Provisions of the decedent's will establish the trust.
|allows the trustor to convey the fee estate to the trustee and to name himself or herself the beneficiary. Applies only to real property, not to personal property.
|Deed in trust
|The agreement that grants the beneficiary the rights to possess and use the property, and to exercise control over the actions of the trustee.
|a hybrid form of ownership of multi-unit residential or commercial properties
|one airspace unit together with the associated interest in the common elements
|aka co-op; one owns shares in a non-profit corporation or cooperative association, which in turn acquires and owns an apartment building as its principal asset
|Deeded Time-share Ownership
|the holder owns the property for life, for the number of years specified in the purchase contract, or until sold. The interest is legally considered to be real property
|Vacation Interval Option
|the developer owns the resort, consisting of condominiums or units divided into "intervals" — either by weeks or the equivalent in points. The interest is legally considered to be personal property.
|the tenant agrees to rent the property on a scheduled basis, or under any pre-arranged system of reservation, according to the terms of the lease
|aka interval ownership estate, tenants in common own undivided interests in the property